Promotion of basic education
Title: Promotion of basic education
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Lead executing agency: Ministère de l’Enseignement Pré-Universitaire et de l’Alphabétisation (MEPU-A)
Overall term: 2015 to 2017
A significant barrier to Guinea’s development is the extremely low level of education among its population. The country still has one of the lowest school enrolment rates in the world. The high poverty rate means that many children, particularly girls, are not sent to school for economic reasons. There are also a number of socio-cultural aspects that cause girls to drop out of school early. The local administrative actors, consisting of educational authority employees, school advisors and headteachers, are not sufficiently qualified to fulfil their administrative and management tasks.
Representatives of civil society are only included to a very limited extent in matters regarding the design of the educational system. However, their involvement would have a positive effect on the low school enrolment rate and help reduce the high numbers of boys and above all girls who drop out of school. Another issue is that there is not enough specialist training for teachers, who struggle to plan their lessons. Only eight per cent of teachers are qualified; a quarter are completely inadequately trained, and are often barely literate themselves.
The working and educational conditions in rural areas have been improved, especially for girls. More boys and girls are successfully completing their primary school education.
On behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), GIZ is working in three fields of activity:
- Improving working and educational conditions
Educational authority employees are to be trained to become school advisors and headteachers. This is intended to improve the pedagogical structures in schools, streamline school administration and management, and optimise the allocation of teachers to different schools. The objective is to improve the learning environment in selected schools in Mamou, Labé and Faranah. This does not always require large investments. Significant results can be achieved simply with appropriate school management that involves the local community, in combination with a functioning, well-managed support system.
- Improving teacher training and professional development
The focus here is on supporting the weakest teachers who can barely read and write themselves. As part of their initial and further training, teachers are to learn principles of methodology and didactics to enable them to actively design and plan their lessons.
- Improving the political framework in the education sector
GIZ is supporting the Ministry of Education and the Coordination Office in preparing the required studies and analyses, which are due to be carried out between 2015 and 2017. The main aim is to link up local activities at national level and to involve the relevant national decision-makers in the activities at local level.
The predecessor projects Promotion of Education in Guinea and Basic Education for Socially Disadvantaged Girls developed the steering and coordination capacities of the regional school inspectors, prefectural educational authorities and primary school authorities in the sub-prefectures. Annual financial and activity plans are now drawn up and implemented in all of the programme’s regions. Local structures have greater capacity to perform their tasks. Another positive result is the contribution made to managing the education sector by providing advice on the national education strategy and through greater coordination with key international donors in the education sector. Over the last twelve years, over 15,000 girls have attended remedial classes; they were taught using the ‘Filles éduquées réussissent’ (FIERE) approach. Around 850 female teachers have been trained in mathematics, French and health education, as well as didactics, with a view to enabling them to actively plan their own lessons in the future.