Employment for Sustainable Development in Africa

Project description

Title: Employment for Sustainable Development in Africa (E4D/SOGA)
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
E4D: Quoniam Asset Management GmbH; Korea International Cooperation Agency (KOICA); European Union (EU) E4D/SOGA: Department for International Development (DFID); Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation (Norad); Shell; Rio Tinto; Tullow Oil; Quoniam Asset Management GmbH
Countries: Cameroon, Ghana, Kenya, Mozambique, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda
Partner: Fruittiland, Gold Fields Ghana, Olam Ghana, Asanko Gold, Samsung Electronics, Kevian Kenya, Sidai Africa, Base Titanium, Shell, Kenya Federation of Master Builders (KFMB), Tullow Kenya B.V., Kenya Association of Manufacturers (KAM), Housing Finance Foundation (HFF), Kenya Commercial Bank Foundation (KCBF), Ascending, Associação Progresso, Rio Tinto, Vodacom, Manstrat Agricultural Intelligence Solutions, Botanica Natural Products, Johannesburg Chamber of Commerce and Industry (JCCI), Olam Tanzania, Divine Masters Ltd, E360, Barclays Bank of Uganda
Overall term: 2015 to 2020

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Context

Underemployment and youth unemployment are often a root cause of displacement and migration in African countries. At the same time, there are industries in these countries with high employment potential as well as international investments which could be spent on creating more jobs and improving training. On the ground, however, there is often a lack of skilled workers and African companies which are able to benefit from economic development.

International investment and the economic focus in many African countries are often directed at the extractive sector. However, an abundance of natural resources alone does not automatically lead to development in which all people can participate. Industries with high employment potential in upstream and downstream sectors, such as transport, logistics and agribusiness, do not benefit enough from international investments to be able to promote sustainable economic growth in the countries.

Objective

Through cooperation with private and public sector partners, the employment situation in seven African countries has improved in terms of both quality and quantity. The number of people employed has risen by 40,000. The income of 100,000 individuals has increased by an average of 10 per cent. At least 40,000 people are benefiting from improved working conditions.

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Approach

The project helps to implement the Africa Policy adopted by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ). In cooperation with business, it promotes employment in seven African countries, while also raising income and improving working conditions. Young people in particular benefit from training measures and additional employment opportunities.

Employment for Sustainable Development in Africa (E4D)

E4D targets sectors with high employment potential, such as agriculture, construction, infrastructure or the textile industry. The focus is on training and qualification standards that enable extensive access to various sectors of the economy. 

High injections of capital for development by multinational companies into energy supply, the mining of raw materials and processing are used to contribute to broad economic growth. If African markets become more attractive for investors and international companies, it will be possible to train and employ indigenous skilled workers, for example as tradespeople and welders in the construction industry. Jobs can also be created. Large companies act as investors or as contracting bodies for suppliers. The inclusion of smaller-scale producers in local and regional value chains is a key objective of E4D. The project is also backing the transition to an environmentally compatible, forward-looking green economy. 

E4D works with companies and associations in public-private partnerships. The companies provide information and planning data outlining relevant industry needs in terms of skills, products or services. They offer in-company training or internships and advise local suppliers.

E4D/SOGA - Employment and Skills for Eastern Africa

E4D/SOGA is an initiative which harnesses international investment in the extractive sector to promote employment. It is part of the E4D project and supports industry-related training courses in the extractive industries and associated sectors in Kenya, Mozambique, Tanzania and Uganda. 

A monostructural economy can lead to a growing dependence on foreign exchange revenues from raw materials without creating jobs for the population – and thus to high unemployment and a distinct lack of prospects. E4D/SOGA therefore uses investments in the extraction of raw materials to diversify the economy, thereby reducing the dependence on minerals and fossil fuels.

In Kenya, for example, E4D/SOGA works together with the Technical University of Mombasa and the Technical University of Kenya to introduce skills-based modular courses for five professions, including electricians and welders. Together with companies and trade associations, internships are offered for graduates and employees without training. 

In Uganda, E4D/SOGA works in partnership with Barclays Bank of Uganda and the Uganda Manufacturers’ Association to help young people that have been given training to find suitable internships.

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Results

Since the start of the project in 2015, around 9,500 people have already been brought into employment, the income of around 37,000 employees has increased by at least 10 per cent, and the working conditions of some 12,000 people have been improved (as of July 2018).

Kenya: As part of vocational education and training measures with the CAP Youth Empowerment Institute in Kenya, training programmes were targeted specifically at poorer people, who would otherwise find it difficult to access further education. Short technical courses have helped more than 600 people already to find employment. These vocational courses impart technical and practical knowledge as well as theory and soft skills. These include communication skills, help with job interviews and HIV/AIDS awareness. In addition, almost 800 people have doubled their average income.

Uganda: 30 local service providers in the oil and gas industry have improved their health and safety and environmental standards through training courses and coaching initiatives. This has prepared companies for international tendering procedures and secured employment for around 460 people (30 per cent of whom are women). In addition, the health and safety conditions at work have improved significantly for more than 5,000 employees.