Promoting employment in Africa through public-private co-operation
Title: Employment and Skills for Development in Africa (E4D)
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Financier: Department for International Development (DFID), Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation (Norad), EU, Korean International Cooperation Agency (KOICA) and the companies Royal Dutch Shell, Tullow Oil plc, Rio Tinto and Quoniam Asset Management
Countries: Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Mozambique, South Africa, Ghana and Cameroon
Partner: Diageo Guinness Cameroon; Orange Cameroun S.A.; Accra Brewery; Asanko Gold Inc.; Fidelity Bank Ghana Ltd.; Fruittiland Ltd.; Gold Fields Ghana; Golden Star Resources; Japan Motors Group; Mole Projects and Machinery Ltd; Newmont Ghana Gold Ltd./Akyem Development Foundation; Northlite Solar; Olam Ghana Limited; Samsung Electronics West Africa Ltd.; UT Bank Ghana Ltd.; Japan Motors Trading Company Ltd.; Base Titanium; Equity Bank (in cooperation with Miramar Foundation); Housing Finance Foundation; Kenya Association of Manufacturers; Kenya Commercial Bank Foundation; Kenya Fed. of Master Builders; Kevian Kenya Limited; Sidai; Tullow Kenya B.V; Anadarko Petroleum Corporation; CB&I; Bavaria Fruit Estates; Blydevallei Sitrus; Botanica; Chem-City (PTY) Limited; Creative Contracts; Imperial Health Sciences/ Unjani Clinics NPC; JinCom EHS Communications; Johannesburg Chamber of Commerce (JCCI); Landman Vars Produkte; Manstrat Agricultural Intelligence Solutions (Pty) Ltd; Mogalakwena Trading Post; Mondi Ltd; Standard Bank Group; Vodacom Pty Ltd.; Jumeme Rural Power Supply Ltd.; Olam Tanzania Limited; Statoil; Association of Uganda Gas and Oil Service Providers (AUGOS); Barclays Bank of Uganda Limited; Stanbic Bank; UGACOF Limited; Ugandan Manufacturers Association; Total E&P Uganda B.V.; Total East Africa Midstream B.V.
Lead executing agency: Ghana, Mozambique and South Africa: Ministry of Trade and Industry/Department of Trade and Industry in South Africa; Kenya: Ministry of Industry, Trade and Cooperatives; Uganda: Ministry of Energy and Mineral Development; Tanzania: Prime Minister’s Office Labour, Youth, Employment and Persons with Disability; Cameroon: Ministry of the Economy, Planning and Regional Development
Overall term: 2015 to 2023
Economic growth, a wealth of natural resources and the young, growing population in Africa offer great potential for achieving sustainable development on the continent. The private sector is a driving force in economic development and thus a key stakeholder in creating jobs and incomes.
Although the political and economic conditions vary among the project’s seven partner countries, the challenges with regard to employment are similar. In South Africa, the extremely high level of youth unemployment and the lack of jobs greatly hinder development. In many of the other partner countries, the official unemployment rate may be low, but underemployment and precarious working conditions are common. Many people work without regular employment contracts, receive no reliable wages and are also frequently exposed to health risks in the workplace. There is actually a large demand for local workers as a result of major (international) investments. However, there is a lack of qualified local ex-perts and (supplier) companies. The population and companies are therefore unable to make appro-priate use of employment and economic development opportunities.
The employment situation and economic situation of job seekers, employees and companies have improved as a result of public-private cooperation arrangements.
Based on the integrated approach towards promoting employment, the project establishes public-private partnerships in the areas of vocational education and training, vocational preparation and placement, and promoting small and medium-sized enterprises. It focuses on industries with a high employment potential, which vary depending on the partner country.
Working together with companies, the project develops various training courses as well as courses on vocational preparation and placement services (for example to arrange internships for students at vocational schools). Local companies are provided with training courses to enhance their expertise, for example in areas such as tender management, human resources management, financial management or environmental and health standards. Furthermore, they are linked to other companies. This gets local businesses involved as producers and suppliers, and improves their position on the market.
The project disseminates successful cooperation measures at regional level and introduces them to other public and private sector partners for long-term implementation. The project’s sustainability is also strengthened in that the cooperation with the private sector is specifically anchored in the public structures of the partner countries, for example by means of regular public-private dialogue forums.
The Department for International Development (DFID), the Norwegian Agency for Development Coop-eration (Norad), the European Union (EU), the Korean International Cooperation Agency (KOICA) and the companies Royal Dutch Shell, Tullow Oil plc, Rio Tinto and Quoniam Asset Management are co-financing the project.
- Since 2015, the project has implemented 54 cooperation measures in seven partner countries with a total of 65 international and African partner companies. More than EUR 22 million has been mo-bilised as additional contributions from the private sector and from public sector stakeholders.
- Around 67 per cent of the measures have reached the poorer sections of the population. Alto-gether, 19,119 people have been brought into employment, of which 34 per cent were women and 47 per cent were young people. Incomes have been increased by at least ten per cent for 48,761 people, of which 41 per cent were women and 41 per cent were young people.
- As a result of measures in the area of health and safety in the workplace, for instance, working conditions have improved for 18,680 people (of which 40 per cent are women).
- Various training measures have supported 484 small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and 30,655 micro enterprises. 187 new SMEs and 606 new micro enterprises have been established.
- In vocational education and training, a total of 34 training courses have been created or modified and implemented in cooperation with public or private training institutions.