Sino-German cooperation on low-carbon transport
Title: Sino-German Cooperation on Low Carbon Transport
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU)
Country: People’s Republic of China
Lead executing agency: Ministry of Transport (MoT)
Overall term: 2015 to 2022
China is the world’s largest emitter of greenhouse gases. There is a need to step up ambition, above all in the transport sector, to make an effective contribution to mitigating global climate change. Around ten per cent of all energy-related CO2 emissions in the country are attributable to this sector. More and more Chinese people own a car. The volume of passenger and freight transport is also growing rapidly. Quality of life in general is deteriorating due to air and noise pollution and traffic congestion, particularly in towns and cities.
In order to implement the Paris Agreement, the country has committed to drastically reduce its carbon dioxide emissions. By 2020, it wants to reduce emissions by between 40 and 45 per cent compared with 2005 levels. The proportion of non-fossil fuels is to increase to about 15 per cent. China’s 13th Five-Year Plan (2016-2020) describes the core fields for creating a sustainable, low-carbon transport sector. These include promoting electromobility, developing smart transportation systems, expanding local public transport and intermodal freight transport as well as promoting shared mobility (e.g. car sharing or car pooling) and non-motorised traffic.
The People’s Republic of China implements its 13th Five-Year Plan for Economic and Social Development and its national development goals in accordance with the Paris Agreement. Smart transportation systems significantly reduce carbon dioxide emissions.
The project supports the Sino-German policy dialogue on long-term climate change mitigation strategies in the transport sector. It facilitates an exchange on the potential of digitalisation, innovative technologies and integrated mobility concepts for developing sustainable, low-carbon mobility for the future.
To achieve this objective, the project focuses on policy dialogue and advice, sector-specific knowledge sharing and research, implementing pilot projects at city level and expanding specialist expertise. To this end, Chinese partners are supported, particularly in the priority areas of urban and freight transport.
The project is implemented pursuant to an integrated and holistic results logic and is aimed at long-term strategies to reduce carbon emissions in China.