Working with the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) to increase drought resilience in the Horn of Africa
Title: Strengthening the Capacity of IGAD towards Enhanced Drought Resilience in the Horn of Africa (SCIDA II)
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ); European Union Emergency Trust Fund for Africa (EUTF)
Country: IGAD Member States: Djibouti, Eritrea (currently suspended), Ethiopia, Kenya, Sudan, Somalia, South Sudan, Uganda; project office in Djibouti
Lead executing agency: Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD)
Overall term: 2016 to 2020
In 2011, an extended drought caused a severe famine that impacted more than 13 million people in peripheral arid and semi-arid regions (ASAL) across the Greater Horn of Africa (GHA), prompting renewed calls for a paradigm shift: the focus has shifted from emergency responses to long-term interventions designed to enhance drought resilience in target communities.
Member States of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) responded to the drought disaster by mandating IGAD to spearhead the initiative ‘Ending Drought Emergencies in the Horn of Africa’. The 15-year IDDRSI strategy coordinates regional activities to improve drought resilience, livelihood opportunities, proactive conflict prevention and migration governance. Its ultimate objective is to increase the resilience of communities and refugees in the ASAL.
The project strengthens IGAD in the coordination and implementation of the Drought Disaster Resilience and Sustainability Initiative (IDDRSI). IDDRSI’s objectives are linked to the fight to eliminate the causes of conflict and displacement.
Besides ASAL development and disaster risk management, IDDRSI promotes national and regional initiatives on migration and peace and security. The Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH supports this approach by strengthening IGAD’s and its Member States’ capacity to develop policies and interventions to build drought disaster resilience.
In 2016, the project received € 2.1 million co-funding from the European Union's Emergency Trust Fund for Africa (EUTF) to strengthen the development of projects, investment proposals and cross-border initiatives in peripheral border regions.
The project works closely with the IGAD secretariat, its specialised offices, member states and local authorities throughout the IGAD region in the following five key intervention areas:
- Improve IGAD’s capacity as a Regional Economic Community
- Boost IGAD’s capacity to deliver IDDRSI support services and to facilitate Member State implementation of cross-border IDDRSI activities.
- Strengthen IGAD, local authorities and communities to manage natural resources within selected IDDRSI clusters.
- Strengthen peace and security as an integral part of cross-border IDRSSI measures.
- Assist IGAD to deal with the drought resilience-migration nexus.
Due to the contribution of the BMZ as well as the EUTF, it was possible to enhance IGAD’s ability to facilitate regional cooperation on drought resilience in the Horn of Africa.
- The main coordination and governance structure for the implementation of the Regional Drought Resilience Strategy is the IDDRSI Platform. Thanks to GIZ's support, eight Steering Committee meetings and four General Assembly meetings were held to strengthen political commitment to drought resilience. In the eighth Steering Committee meeting, IGAD and the Member States recognised migration and cross-border initiatives core thematic areas for regional resilience strengthening.
- IGAD and its Member States are introduced to new knowledge-sharing, impact-based monitoring and spatial planning methods. GIZ supported the development and introduction of harmonised management tools to steer, monitor and manage the interdisciplinary IDDRSI strategy. Seven regional and national actors now use the instruments independently.
- The cluster approach facilitates cross-border cooperation in selected arid and semi-arid border areas. Through mediation, the first IGAD office for cross-border cooperation was set up in the Karamoja Cluster (region along the border of Uganda-Kenya) and the mapping of pastoralism between the four IGAD member states was completed.
- Three GIZ TC facilities work on capacity building of local authority to support the implementation of the IDDRSI strategy on the ground.
- IGAD specialised institutions benefited from the improved availability and use of methods and approaches for conflict prevention and mediation. GIZ advised on inter-ethnic dialogues with pastoral communities from Kenya, Uganda and South Sudan and supported a capacity analysis of local peace structures for a long-term and multi-sectorial mitigation.
- GIZ established an inter-institutional working group and a web-based tool to monitor migration. The working group promotes migration as a cross-cutting issues within the IDDRSI strategy.