Strengthening Criminal Investigations

Project description

Title: Support for capacity development in the criminal investigative services in Pakistan II (CIS II)
Commissioned by: German Federal Foreign Office (AA)
Country: Pakistan
Lead executing agency: Pakistan National Police Bureau
Overall term: 2017 to 2019


Pakistani criminal justice system institutions are not able to cope with the challenges they face. Police, prosecution, judiciary, and prisons lack adequate modern education, necessary technology and a rule of law-oriented conception of criminal investigation. These phenomena have led to a lack of trust on the part of the citizens in the functioning of the system.

The system also suffers from a lack of capacity on the part of individual institutions and involved actors, especially with regard to coordinating their efforts. Crime rates are high, yet only a small proportion of cases result in convictions. The system and its institutions i.e. the police, the public prosecutor’s office and the judiciary are largely inefficient, outdated, subject to political influence, and fragmented. Despite these shortcomings, they are under considerable pressure to produce results.


Strengthening the institutions of criminal justice system in Punjab and Sindh (at the provincial and federal level) to fulfil their responsibilities. This means enhancing their performance with respect to complying with the law and cooperating with each other.


The emphasis in the Support for Capacity Development in the Criminal Investigative Services in Pakistan II Programme (CIS II) is on strengthening institutions at the provincial level as that is where the majority of citizens are dispensed justice. The five fields of work are:

  • Improving education and training to strengthen and increase investigative capacities in criminal investigations;
  • Practical use of professional methods of investigation, including the use of forensic knowledge and skills in the process of criminal investigation;
  • Support for the creation of mechanisms to ensure an appropriate response by the criminal justice system towards vulnerable groups, especially juveniles and women;
  • A coordinated and government-led approach (i.e. roadmap) for criminal justice reform in Sindh (co-financed by DFID);
  • Improvement of the organisational performance of the Sindh Forensic Science Lab (co-financed by DFID).


CIS II has helped to strengthen the criminal justice system institutions’ capacities. The programme

  • Established two schools of investigation (SoI) in the police training colleges of Punjab and Sindh at Sihala and Saeedabad respectively. The SoI is a premier institute to educate and train police investigators in criminal investigations.
  • Established a state of art mock crime scene training facility in the National Forensic Science Agency (NFSA).
  • Established five women and youth desks in selected districts (Karachi, Hyderabad, Sukkur and Shaheed Benezirabad) of Sindh in collaboration with Sindh police to enable them to better respond to the needs of these groups.
  • Developed courses and conducted trainings on death investigations, interview and interrogation, digital forensics and pedagogy and didactical skills. In the courses organised, so far 338 police investigators including 11 women and 24 prosecutors have been educated.
  • Developed a series of short videos outlining the forensic capabilities of the Sindh Police to educate prosecutors and judges as to the same. These videos along with training materials have been adopted by the Sindh Judicial Academy and are being used to train prosecutors and lower court judges as part of the Sindh Judicial Academy’s syllabus.
  • Collated standard operating procedures (SOPs) for the institutions working with and on juvenile cases to enable them to perform their responsibilities efficiently and effectively.
  • Organised an interprovincial exchange on rule of law in Sindh to bring all stakeholders of the criminal justice system to learn from each other’s experiences on the development of rule of law roadmaps.