Adaptation of climate change into the national and local development planning
Title: Adaptation of climate change into the national and local development planning
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Lead executing agency: Planning Commission (PC)
Overall term: 2016 to 2018
In recent years Bangladesh has achieved substantial economic growth, with an average growth rate of six per cent per annum. Should climate change forecasts prove correct, however, that positive development could be reversed in the medium term. If global warming continues, it is predicted that the sea level in the Bay of Bengal will rise by 30 to 45 cm by 2050. This would result in the loss of more than one tenth of the land surface and prompt internal migration of up to 30 million people.
To address these challenges a holistic strategy is needed at the national and local levels, one that encourages the effective allocation of limited investment capital to sectors and regions that exhibit a particularly strong need to adapt. The small number of local climate adaptation measures that currently exist should become more systematic. Moreover, their impact and their sustainability could be improved if the local authorities were to become more closely involved. In the present situation, no investments in public infrastructure are systematically planned for climate resilience.
The Planning Commission has integrated climate resilience issues into national and local development planning by using improved instruments, methods and knowledge products. This has strengthened the climate-resilient planning of investment projects in Bangladesh.
The project supports the Planning Commission of Bangladesh in its efforts to ensure investment projects are planned in a climate-resilient way, and that spatial and development planning at national and local levels are strongly interlinked. The overarching aim is to increase the capacity of particularly vulnerable population groups, infrastructure and economic sectors to adapt to the risks of climate change. To achieve this, the project provides support in four main areas.
- Assistance for selected local government institutes in adapting to climate change when planning and expanding infrastructure.
- Improving the horizontal and vertical coordination of spatial and development planning in Bangladesh, in response to climate change, while at the same time assisting the General Economics Division of the Planning Commission, as well as the local government institutes to integrate a suitable approach into their various planning instruments and documents.
- Improving knowledge exchanges and dialogue regarding the central issues of climate change, and providing human capacity development measures for the Planning Commission.
- Working with the Physical Infrastructure Division to develop a method of assessing the impacts of the climate on investment projects, and to integrate this into improved monitoring and evaluation procedures.
The project also supports the Planning Commission and the respective sector ministries in jointly developing sector plans for ‘Environment and Climate Change’ and for ‘Housing and Community Amenities’.
This project is part of the priority area ‘Adaptation to Climate Change in Urban Areas (Regional Concentration)’. It complements and interacts with other projects and programmes in this area.