Adaptation of climate change into the national and local development planning
Title: Adaptation to climate change into the national and local devel-opment planning
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Lead executing agency: Planning Commission (PC)
Overall term: 2016 to 2019
In recent years Bangladesh has achieved substantial economic growth, with an average growth rate of 6.5 per cent per annum. However, should climate change forecasts prove correct, this positive development could be reversed in the medium term. If global warming continues, the sea level in the Bay of Bengal is predicted to rise between 30 to 45 centimetres by 2050. This would result in the loss of more than one tenth of the land surface, and prompt (mainly internal migration) of up to10 - 30 million people.
Holistic strategies are required at national and local levels to address these challenges and to encourage the effective allocation of limited investment capital to sectors and regions most at risk. The limited number of existing local climate adaptation measures need to become more systematic. Moreover, their impact and sustainability could be improved if local authorities were more closely involved. Currently investments in public infrastructure often do not systematically take climate resilience into account.
The Planning Commission has integrated climate resilience issues into national and local development planning by using improved instruments, methods and knowledge products. This has strengthened the climate-resilient planning of investment projects in Bangladesh.
The project supports the Planning Commission of Bangladesh in its efforts to increase the number of investment projects that are planned in a climate-resilient manner and that spatial and development planning at national and local levels are stronger interlinked. The overarching aim is to increase the capacity of particularly vulnerable population groups, infrastructure and economic sectors to adapt to the risks of climate change. To achieve this, the project provides support in four main areas:
- Assistance for selected local government institutions in adapting to climate change when planning and expanding infrastructure.
- Improving the horizontal and vertical coordination of spatial and development planning in Bangladesh in response to climate change, while at the same time assisting the General Economics Division of the Planning Commission and local government institutions to integrate a suitable approach into their planning instruments and documents.
- Improving capacities and knowledge exchanges regarding the issues of climate change, and providing human capacity development measures for the Planning Commission.
- Working with the Physical Infrastructure Division of the Planning Commission to develop a method of assessing the impacts of climate change on investment projects, and to integrate this into improved monitoring and evaluation procedures.
ARGE AMBERO Consulting Gesellschaft mbH / GOPA Consultants support the implementation of the project, especially in the fourth area.
The project also supports the Planning Commission and the respective sector ministries in jointly developing sector plans for ‘Environment and Climate Change’ and for ‘Housing and Community Amenities’.
This project is part of the priority area ‘Adaptation to Climate Change in Urban Areas (Regional Concentration)’. It complements and interacts with other projects and programmes in this area.
Up to date, ACCLNDP is supporting the development processes of new two sectoral planning instruments of Planning Commission, the so called Sector Action Plans. Furthermore, the project selected five local authorities for activities in regard to the integration of national and local development plan-ning. The selection comprises of one major city with 500,000 inhabitants, two medium sized cities and two districts.
ACCLNDP is supporting the integration with studies, knowledge sharing sessions and workshops with participants from the national and local level and will develop a model process to show how integration can be put into practice.
In order to implement a comprehensive planning information system for a more effective and data-based appraisal of infrastructure development projects through the Planning Commission, the ACCLNDP project provides technical solutions. Additionally, the project is supporting the development of a climate check tool together with the Planning Commission to appraise climate resilience of infrastructure investment projects.
ACCLNDP is designing and implementing capacity building measures for the planning officials from different government entities and representatives from selected Local Government Institutes to point out the climate relevance of their respective activities. Moreover, ACCLNDP is strengthening the inter-nal and external knowledge exchange of the Planning Commission on climate change with government entities, academia and civil society.