- SUSTAINABLE INFRASTRUCTURE
- SECURITY, RECONSTRUCTION AND PEACE
- SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
- GOVERNANCE AND DEMOCRACY
- ENVIRONMENT AND CLIMATE CHANGE
- ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND EMPLOYMENT
GIZ has been supporting economic and social development and reconstruction in Tajikistan since 1995, and opened an office in the capital Dushanbe in 1996. Programme offices in Dushanbe, Khujant and Khorog support GIZ’s work in rural regions.
At present, 14 seconded and 95 national personnel, three CIM experts and one development worker are working for GIZ in Tajikistan. Of our 16 programmes and projects here, six involve bilateral cooperation, while 11 are regional or global measures.
During the Soviet era, Tajikistan had the lowest per capita income in the Soviet Union and therefore received substantial subsidies from Moscow. After Tajikistan gained its independence in 1991, these payments dried up and the country suffered five years of civil war. This had a devastating impact on its already weak economy. Even today, Tajikistan’s economy is the least developed of all the former Soviet republics. Its economic growth depends on factors that the country can not influence, such as the international market prices of cotton and aluminium. Emigration has become a significant source of income for the country thanks to remittances from nearly a million Tajiks living in Russia and Kazakhstan.
Unfavourable conditions, a lack of financing mechanisms, a skills shortage and the inequitable distribution of financial, institutional and human resources result in under-financing and poor management and service provision, especially in the state-run health and education systems. A large percentage of the population, particularly in rural areas, still lives below the poverty line.
On behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), GIZ is implementing bilateral and regional projects, most of which currently support sustainable economic development or the health sector. Other projects focus on education, sustainable management of natural resources, tourism development, and the promotion of the rule of law.
On behalf of the German Federal Foreign Office (AA), GIZ is conducting a transboundary water management project in Central Asia.
On behalf of BMZ, GIZ is implementing the Framework and Finance for Private Sector Development programme. As well as supporting the development of the private sector, this involves dismantling barriers to trade and providing advice on microfinance and the raw materials sector.
By promoting economic development and improving living conditions, GIZ’s engagement on behalf of the German Government and other donors is contributing to the stabilisation of the region as a whole.