- SUSTAINABLE INFRASTRUCTURE
- SECURITY, RECONSTRUCTION AND PEACE
- SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
- GOVERNANCE AND DEMOCRACY
- ENVIRONMENT AND CLIMATE CHANGE
- ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND EMPLOYMENT
On behalf of the German Government, the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH has been working in Tajikistan since 1995, supporting efforts to build up the country’s economy and society and bring stability to the region. GIZ opened its own office in the capital, Dushanbe, in 1996, with two more offices supporting the federal enterprise’s activities in rural areas. Currently 93 national and 14 international employees, four integrated specialists and three development workers are working in the country (as of 31.12.2018).
During the Soviet era, Tajikistan had the lowest per capita income of any Soviet republic and therefore received substantial subsidies from Moscow. After the country gained its independence in 1991, these payments dried up. This sparked five years of civil war, devastating the national economy, which remains the least developed in any former Soviet state to this day. Among other things, any growth in Tajikistan’s economy depends on factors the country cannot influence, such as global cotton prices. Remittances from Tajik migrant workers in Russia and Kazakhstan make up around half of the country’s GDP. Many people live below the poverty line, especially in rural areas. The country’s development is hindered by a lack of funding mechanisms, skilled workers and a clear plan for growing the private sector. Above all, there is not enough funding for state health care and education.
GIZ’s work in Tajikistan on behalf of the German Government and the European Union focuses on the following priority areas:
- Economic development and employment: GIZ is helping develop the private sector and a business-friendly environment on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ). This includes supporting producers and value chains for selected products such as organic cotton or fruit and vegetables. GIZ is also helping train food experts to combat the shortage of skilled labour.
- Environment and climate: BMZ has commissioned GIZ to devise solutions for adapting to climate change and encouraging biodiversity, e.g. via sustainable forestry. Working on behalf of the German Federal Foreign Office (AA), the federal enterprise is also implementing a project on transboundary water management in Central Asia.
- Governance and democracy: GIZ is promoting legal and judicial advice on behalf of the BMZ to ensure that the authorities and courts of justice implement the overhauled act on administrative procedure more effectively. This is designed to make debt enforcement proceedings more efficient in civil disputes.
- Social development: For GIZ and its partners, nutrition and mother and child health are priority areas of work in strengthening the health care system.