Strengthening Advisory Capacities for Land Governance in Africa
Title: Strengthening Capacities for Land Governance in Africa (SLGA)
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Countries: Member States of the African Union
Overall term: 2014 to 2021
The program “Strengthening Advisory Capacities for Land Governance in Africa (SLGA)”, funded by the German Federal Ministry for Development and Economic Cooperation (BMZ), is part of the special initiative "ONE World – No Hunger” and contributes directly to achieving the objectives under the Action Area “promoting responsible land use and improving access to land”. SLGA operates on a continental and regional level and in the AU-member states. It collaborates closely with the African Land Policy Initiative (LPI), the World Bank and DAAD (German Academic Exchange Service).
Its overall objective is to promote good land governance by strengthening human and institutional capacities for the implementation of sustainable and development-oriented land policy in Africa.
Weak land governance and insecure land rights are still major development challenges for Africa. In 2006, the African Union (AU) established the Land Policy Initiative (LPI), thereby placing emphasis on the urgency of improving land policies in a regional context. The LPI developed prominent African led Frameworks to guide national land policy processes. These include the Framework and Guidelines on Land Policy in Africa (F&G), the Declaration of African Heads of State and Government on Land Issues and Challenges in Africa (2009) and the Guiding Principles on Large Scale Land Based Investments in Africa (2014). In addition, LPI supports global initiatives such as the Principles for Responsible Investment in Agriculture and Food Systems (RAI) and the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (VGGT).
While many African countries have shown the political will to pursue these initiatives, their implementation at country level remains at an early stage. Many of them lack the human and institutional advisory capacities required to implement sustainable land policies.
The main reason for the lack of personnel is the shortage of high quality training programmes at African institutions of higher education. Moreover, most countries lack any practically oriented know-how derived from applied research, which has a strong influence on the design of land policies.
SLGA focuses on these four areas of action:
- Strengthen training and education capacities: Universities in several African countries are provided with advice on how to develop and improve education programs and curricula in the field of land policy and land management and how to better adjust them to demand.
- Establish an African Network of Excellence on Land Governance (NELGA): LPI is supported with organizational and technical advice in the process of setting up NELGA, a network of African universities and research institutes.
- Strengthen practice-oriented research: A research accompanying program via the World Bank supplies scientific insight for knowledge exchange, policy advice as well as education and postgraduate training. Its data can be used for evaluation and monitoring of land policies in involved African countries.
- Strengthen AU institutions to implement the AU agenda on land: At institutional level, this project supports capacities of the mandated AU institutions (e.g. LPI and the New Partnership for Africa’s Development - NEPAD) with the implementation of the AU Agenda on Land.