Indo-German Energy Programme – Green Energy Corridors (IGEN-GEC)
Title: Indo-German Energy Programme – Green Energy Corridors (IGEN-GEC)
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Lead executing agency: Ministry of New and Renewable Energy
Overall term: 04/2015 to 12/2020
India possesses a wealth of diverse renewable energy (RE) resources which could be sustainably harnessed to generate electricity and several other energy applications. India’s RE agenda, while addressing the issue of climate change, also provides solutions on energy security and access. In the last five years, the RE capacity has grown manifold, largely due to a favourable policy environment in India.
The Government of India has set a target of 175 gigawatts of installed RE capacities by 2022. While the increased share of variable RE generation in the electricity generation mix is a welcomed step, the move also poses fresh challenges before India’s grid operators. An expansion and modernisation of the existing distribution and transmission grid is required to be able to evacuate electricity of these RE capacities, largely to the geographical distance between the centres of production and consumption, as well as due to the intermittent availability of RE sources and the necessary measures that need to be taken for grid stabilisation. Intermittency of RE generation causes frequency and voltage disturbances in the grid. The gestation period for the installation of remotely located RE projects is lower than that of the grid infrastructure development. Hence, the evacuation of RE generation is becoming a bottleneck. Additionally, in the absence of state-of-the-art technology and skills on RE integration, grid operators must frequently back down from the otherwise ‘must run’ RE generation.
Module objective: The conditions for grid integration of renewable energies have been improved.
The basic approach is to identify RE grid integration challenges and possible solutions for implementation, including diverse strategies to achieve key impacts:
- Devising methodology for assessment, enhancing the renewable balancing capability of each state/control area and forecasting of renewable energy generation.
- Designing the Renewable Energy Management Centres (REMCs), identifying their functional mandate and infrastructural requirements.
- Designing the markets, including ancillary and capacity markets, emphasising increased share of RE in the overall power sector.
- Analysis and recommendations on regulatory measures and technical standards in India that enable larger penetration of variable RE generation into the mainstream power network.
- Developing human capacity and skills to better integrate RE into the grid.
GIZ is implementing Technical Cooperation in this field as part of a close collaboration with KfW Development Bank in charge of Financial Cooperation. KfW is providing concessional loans of more than 1.4 billion Euros to strengthen the central and state transmission infrastructure for evacuating renewable energy.
- Seven Renewable Energy Management Centres (REMCs) in renewable energy rich states, three regional REMCs and one REMC on the national level have been conceptualised as nodal institutions for addressing operational issues on RE grid integration and will be operational in 2019.
- The 1st International Conference on Large-Scale Grid Integration of Renewable Energy in India, held from 6 to 8 September 2017 in New Delhi, was successfully concluded with more than 350 participants from 18 countries and a total of 113 oral and 33 poster presentations. The format will be conducted once every two years on a discussion platform for sharing international experiences and best practices in RE grid integration.