Good governance for the environment and climate
Title: Environmental and climate governance in Morocco
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Lead executing agency: Ministère délégué chargé de l´Environnement (MdEnv)
Overall term: 2016 to 2018
Morocco is currently experiencing a period of dynamic economic and social change. If this development is to be sustainable, it will be vital to align economic growth, competitiveness and employment promotion with goals related to the environment and climate change.
Morocco has invested considerable efforts in environmental protection and climate change mitigation and has already put in place crucial structures for implementing environment policy. The Moroccan constitution emphasises the importance of environmental protection and climate change mitigation for the country’s development. The National Charter for Environment and Sustainable Development and the National Sustainable Development Strategy provide the basis for Morocco’s environmental and climate policies. The provisions laid out in these now need to be implemented in practice. However, the relevant public, private and civil society stakeholders do not yet apply consistent practices or instruments of good governance.
Public, private and civil society stakeholders make use of good governance practices and instruments for implementing the National Sustainable Development Strategy.
The project supports Moroccan partners in implementing the National Sustainable Development Strategy. Poorer segments of the population are especially vulnerable to the effects of pollution and climate change. Good governance allows for the creation of skilled jobs and the introduction of new environment-related professions. Moreover, it ensures that prompt measures are taken to reduce the climate change impacts that exacerbate poverty.
The project advises partner organisations and also assists in building expertise, resources and capacity. It addresses four areas:
Green economy. The partners are empowered to implement measures for environmental protection and climate change mitigation and thereby contribute to sustainable economic and social development in the context of a green economy. The emphasis is on developing value chains for waste products and developing industries in a sustainable and resource-efficient manner.
Adapting to climate change. The project sets out to strengthen the expertise required to assess climate risks and the need for adaptation. An environmental information system currently under development will be supplemented with a module for climate change adaptation. With this, Morocco will possess an integrated information system that gives a comprehensive overview of various environmental and climate-related parameters and provides decision-making tools for policy-makers and relevant bodies.
Biodiversity, implementing the Nagoya Protocol. The Nagoya Protocol (2010) regulates access to genetic resources and benefit-sharing between providers and users internationally. Its purpose is to ensure that local populations receive just compensation for the benefits derived from the exploitation of resources. Morocco has ratified this agreement. The project provides support for developing the strategic prerequisites and instruments needed to start implementing elements of the Nagoya Protocol.
Morocco’s presidency at the 22nd UN climate change conference (COP22). A decisive factor which insured the success of COP22 in Marrakech in November 2016 was the efficient implementation of the agenda set out by the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The project assists the Moroccan environmental ministry in fulfilling its role as a contact point for the UNFCCC and the national Moroccan committee for COP22.
Results achieved so far
A strategy for developing value chains for waste products is currently awaiting adoption into national law in parliament. Managing value chains for waste products can significantly reduce the amount of waste deposited into landfills and also allow for resources to be recycled. The National Programme for Household Waste Management is being implemented to address the use and management of waste products.
A trial project under the national programme promoting resource efficiency in industry is being carried out in an industrial zone. Regionally this makes Morocco one of the first countries in which industry is becoming more competitive through integrating principles of resource efficiency and in which more green jobs are being created.
A monitoring system for climate change adaptation is helping to better assess and predict potential risks, such as those caused by extreme weather events. Long-term climatic changes are thus becoming easier to comprehend, allowing policymakers to plan national and local adaptation strategies and preventive measures. The vulnerability of rural populations in terms of climate change is diminishing: over five million people residing in the project’s pilot regions are now better protected against climate change.
A national platform is actively coordinating the implementation of a strategy based on the Nagoya Protocol that addresses the use of genetic resources. This is generating significant incentives to protect existing biodiversity. The focus is on factors that have a direct impact on improving livelihoods. Disadvantaged rural populations in particular derive benefit from the use of resources and natural products and can increase their incomes. In turn, this contributes to reducing poverty and discourages exodus and migration from rural areas. By continuing the work of previous projects, over 3,000 long-term jobs have been created in the rural pilot regions targeted by the project. As a result, more than 25,000 people are benefiting from increased family incomes.
A national committee has been established to prepare for and execute the 22nd UN climate change conference (COP22) in Marrakech. The use of the best possible processes and routines by the Moroccan partners when cooperating with UN committees and the COP parties and the professional handling of negotiations in preparation for and during the conference will play a decisive role in realising the steps needed to implement the 2015 Paris Agreement on climate change.