Police programme Africa – Nigeria
Project title: Police programme Africa – supporting police reform processes in Nigeria
Commissioned by: German Federal Foreign Office (AA)
Lead executing agency: Nigeria Police Force (NPF); Nigeria Immigration Service (NIS)
Overall term: 2016 to 2018
Nigeria currently faces challenging security problems. Since 2011, the terrorist group Boko Haram has posed a major threat to the stability and security of the country and of the region as a whole. The Nigerian security forces have made progress in pushing back the terrorist group. However, no political solution for dealing systematically with the threat has yet been found.
Furthermore, Nigeria has become a transit country for illegal trade, including drugs and human trafficking. Additionally, irregular migration and the increasing number of internally displaced persons remain a challenge for the state institutions.
The responsible authorities, in particular the Nigerian Police Force (NPF) and the Nigerian Immigration Service (NIS), are not yet sufficiently capable to meet those challenges. Working procedures within both institutions are often not transparent and international standards are still to be fully integrated into operational processes. A decade ago, NPF and NIS embarked on an internal reform process that aims at mainstreaming human rights standards into their work.
The capacities of NPF and NIS are strengthened. Both state institutions are efficient, transparent and service-oriented and can better fulfil their task to ensure public security.
Since 2009, GIZ has been implementing a programme on behalf of the German Federal Foreign Office to support police reform processes in Africa. In its current phase, the Police Programme Africa is working with selected national and regional police institutions, an immigration authority, the AU and regional organisations in order to improve internal management processes and basic training. The programme is also enhancing specialist and technical knowledge in specific areas such as forensics in order to tackle transnational organised crime and strengthen border security. In addition, it is helping to increase the regional coordination of police services.
In Nigeria, the Police Programme is advising NPF and NIS on professionalising their planning and organisational processes. The programme provides police and management training to improve the skills of staff and is working with its partners to create new modules and curricula for police academies and the training and certification of trainers.
The new modules meet international standards in areas such as criminal investigation, regional border control and human rights. The programme trains the trainers at NPF and NIS in the revised materials, giving them the skills they need to pass on this knowledge to other employees. To ensure trainers have access to modern teaching materials, the team makes sure the libraries of the educational institutions are properly equipped.
Another goal is to adjust procedures and processes within NFP and NIS so that they are more transparent and based on international human rights standards. To achieve this, the programme regularly carries out awareness-raising training sessions and refresher courses.
Support is also being provided for the construction of essential infrastructure such as police stations and border posts, police academies, forensics laboratories and offices for archives. In a number of cases, police buildings are being equipped with furniture, IT resources, vehicles, including motorcycles, and communications equipment.
The Police Programme advises both institutions on criminal investigation procedures and border security. The partners promote dialogue between the police and the population with the aim of increasing confidence in the police as a service-oriented institution.
The team offers guidance to NPF to help officers manage border posts effectively and so ensure a professional level of security, especially on the north-western borders of the country. In order to guarantee the basic operationality of the border posts in the long term, repair and maintenance plans are being developed.
The programme fosters dialogue between NPF and NIS and promotes exchange with the border authorities within Nigeria and also in Niger.