Securing livelihoods for returnees
Title: Improving livelihoods and general living conditions for returning refugees and the local population in Nineveh Province, Northern Iraq
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Lead executing agency: Ministry of Planning of the Kurdistan Regional Government
Overall term: 2016 to 2018
Since early 2014, Nineveh Province has been the scene of heavy fighting between the Islamic State (IS) terrorist militia and other Islamist groups. At least 600,000 of the 3.2 million or so former residents were forced to flee their homes as a result of the conflict.
Much of the basic infrastructure in the communities has been destroyed, with social services such as health care and education now only available at a rudimentary level. This is compounded by the fact that large parts of the province are strewn with landmines.
The social and economic situation for returnees and the local population is improved in a context-sensitive way.
GIZ is working with its partner on the ground Welthungerhilfe to implement cash-for-work initiatives in order to restore basic infrastructure and provide temporary incomes to particularly vulnerable individuals in Nineveh Province. Care is taken to hire men and women on an equal basis in order to stabilise the social situation. Participants are provided with cash, helping to support the local economy. Particularly underprivileged households with no family member able to work receive direct financial support for a temporary period.
The project also focuses on strengthening social cohesion between the different population groups in the local communities by involving representatives of all population groups in decision-making processes. Various social activities are also offered.