Creating employment prospects for vulnerable groups in Iraq

Project description

Title: Employment promotion for IDPs, refugees, returnees and socially deprived households in host communities
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Country: Iraq
Lead executing agency: Ministry of Planning of the Kurdistan Regional Government
Overall term: 2017 to 2023

CfW.Women in camp


Iraq is considered to be a fragile state and is yet to arrive at a place where it is on track for full recovery. The war in Syria and the terror caused by the so-called ‘Islamic State’ in Iraq have resulted in forced displacements. This has caused more than 250,000 refugees and over 1,180,000 displaced persons to seek refuge in the autonomous region of Kurdistan.

More than four years after the victory over the Islamic State and two years since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, Iraq continues to face major challenges. While economic conditions are gradually improving, the outlook remains subject to significant risks posed by structural challenges. Unemployment and poverty remain high among all population groups – especially internally displaced persons (IDPs), refugees, returnees and the population of the host communities.


IDPs, refugees, returnees and members of the host communities are gaining better access to income and income-generating activities.

Woman entrepreneur sitting in front of a desk with a sewing machine


The project creates employment and income opportunities for vulnerable households in four Kurdish provinces. The target groups are offered up to 40 days' work, enabling them to earn an income and at the same time relieving pressure on the host community. Their earnings through “Cash for Work” allow them to meet their basic needs by providing social services in the provinces.

In addition, the Prospects for Employment project supports vulnerable households in generating medium- and long-term income. This includes labour-market-orientated trainings, internships in the private sector and promoting start-up businesses.

Last update: October 2022

Two fresh graduates during cash-for-work in a municipality

Additional information