Sport for Development in Africa: Sports Grounds with Concepts!
Project title: Sport for Development in Africa (S4DA) Regional Project
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Country: Multi-country project in Ethiopia, Kenya, Mozambique, Namibia, Togo; measures on a smaller scale in the Democratic Republic of Congo, Gambia, Ghana, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Tanzania
Lead executing agency: National and regional ministries of education, youth and sport
Overall term: 2014 to 2019
Around a billion people live in sub-Saharan Africa. More than half of them are children and young people. Opportunities for personal development, quality formal and non-formal education are often lacking for young people. Sport offers an innovative approach to improve the quality of education and make it more attractive. It makes it easier to reach disadvantaged groups and teaches life skills such as leadership, tolerance, team spirit and constructive ways of dealing with conflict. Sport has a holistic impact. Its effects are physical, emotional and cognitive and it can be linked with many different aspects and topics. Sport is enshrined as a right in the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child. Despite a great enthusiasm for sport, many African countries make little use of it for achieving development goals. ‘Sport for Development’ concepts, sport facilities and qualified coaches are lacking in the very places where children and young people need them the most.
Sport is established as a means for achieving development objectives in selected African countries.
In cooperation with partners, the project builds and rehabilitates simple sports grounds. It enhances partners’ management skills and jointly develops sustainable concepts for using sports the sports grounds. The project consults partners on adopting the Sport for Development approach. The result: ‘Sports grounds with concepts!’.
Based on methods developed in collaboration with the partners, qualified coaches offer Sport for Development trainings in schools, youth centers, vocational colleges or non-governmental organisations. These trainings provide the young participants with skills for the labour market, teach them strategies for peaceful conflict resolution and promote positive character development.
The partners include schools and vocational colleges, municipalities, universities, ministries, national sports associations, and local and international non-governmental organisations. Namibia’s Ministry of Education, Arts and Culture, Don Bosco Mondo, SOS Children’s Villages and the Faculty of Sport at the Pedagogical University of Maputo are involved in Sport for Development, for example.
A total of 113 sports facilities have been built or rehabilitated in 10 countries so far, benefiting more than 490,000 children and young people. Eighty-eight percent of the organisations running the sports facilities have a booking plan that promotes the sustainable use of the grounds. Almost 90 percent of all the partner organisations with sports facilities have strategies to integrate the Sport for Development approach into their offers. So far, around 620 trainers have been trained to integrate the Sport for Development approach into their trainings. They have an important part to play as role models for children and young people, both on and off the field. Almost all the Sport for Development trainers receiving support have shown to provide high-quality training in line with pre-defined standards. More than 190 instructors have received training on the Sport for Development methodology. They act as multipliers to train other trainers. Around 9,400 children and young people regularly take part in trainings promoting life skills, education and prevention of violence.
In Namibia, the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Sport are integrating the Sport for Development approach into national curricula for secondary schools.
In Ethiopia, the Sport2Work method has been developed. Trainers use the method to teach children and young people at vocational schools skills that they will need on the labour market. State-run vocational colleges are beginning to set up sports departments for the first time.
In Kenya, the Football Kenya Federation has incorporated the Sport for Development approach into its training for trainers to disseminate it across the country. A gender quota has also been established.
In Mozambique, the Pedagogical University in Maputo has integrated Sport for Development into its training for physical education teachers. University graduates can apply their new knowledge directly in internships in schools and municipalities.
In Togo, civil society participation in local decision-making and dialogue is encouraged through municipal committees comprised of government and civil society representatives.