Technical vocational education and training (TVET) in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Project description

Title: Technical vocational education and training in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Country: Bosnia and Herzegovina
Lead executing agencies: Ministry of Civil Affairs of Bosnia and Herzegovina (MoCA)
Overall term: 2019 to 2022


The vocational system in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) is regarded as one of the weakest in the Balkans. Young people in BiH are unable to find adequatue education and training. Not sufficiently qualified, means they cannot access high-quality or well-paid jobs. The causes lie in an outdated, highly fragmented and inefficient vocational education and training sector and in the limited progress achieved in relation to the education reform. Processes of implementing strategies for Technical Vocational Education and Training (TVET) proceed slowly due to a lack of consensus and limited cooperation willingness of numerous government authorities.

As a result, unemployment, underemployment and poverty risks increase. The economy, on the other hand, suffers from an acute shortage of skilled workers. The situation has further deteriorated due too the massive exodus of skilled workers and it hinders the competitivness of local companies.


Dual organised vocational education and training is embedded in the structures and processes of TVET actors. 


The project supports the exchange between public and private structures in the further development of framework conditions for dual organised vocational education and training. In addition to this, support is provided to selected vocational schools, formal economy, pedagogical institutes, and ministries of education in the improvement of the exercise of their roles in the planning and implementation of dual organised vocational education and training.

The lead political executing agency is the Ministry of Civil Affairs of Bosnia and Herzegovina (MoCA).

Implementation partners are ministries of education at the entity and cantonal level, pedagogical institutes, vocational schools, chambers of commerce and associations, associations of employers, companies and TVET councils at the entity, cantonal and local level.


To date, the project has achieved the following results:

It implemented six new or reformed pilot dual organised vocational education and training programmes at five schools (three in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and two in Republika Srpska).

As a result of the development of occupational standards for three professions in the wood and metal processing sector together with the private sector representatives and based on the resulting curricula, labour market needs can be found for the first time in a well-structured and current manner in TVET learning outcomes.

The platform for enhancement of dual organised TVET with regular meetings between partner schools and companies in Bosnian Podrinje Canton Goražde (BPK Goražde) was established. Also, consultancy services were provided to Bosnia BPK Goražde in relation to the development of an obligatory regulation on practical training at schools and companies has led to a higher share of practical training at companies for students in the construction, metal, textile and plastic industries. It also resulted in the introduction of allowances for students attending practical training, mentors for students, an obligatory training plan and a reliable cooperation between schools and companies.

Promotional material (video clips, brochures, flyers, etc.) were produced in order to promote specific TVET professions, success stories and TVET in general.
Two tracer studies were published with the main objective to provide information on BiH TVET school graduates’ job search methods, current employment status, employment conditions, as well as the quality of the received secondary education.

Two parental surveys (Parental opinions and  attitudes towards Technical Vocational Education and Training) were condcuted and published.

Different exchange processes (study visits to Germany and Serbia) were organised with the aim to familiarise partner institutions with dual organised TVET systems.

Training, teaching and learning materials (TTLM) for the mechanical engineering sector were developed.

The peer-to-peer programme “My knowledge - your future profession?” was established. Its aim was to encourage pupils from elementary schools to choose one of the numerous professions which are provided by secondary TVET schools.