Technical vocational education and training in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Title: TVET in Bosnia-Herzegovina
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Country: Bosnia and Herzegovina
Lead executing agencies: Ministry of Civil Affairs
Overall term: 2017 to 2019
Bosnia and Herzegovina suffers from high levels of unemployment. The technical vocational education and training (TVET) system fails to meet the requirements of the private sector and makes only a minor contribution to improving employment and economic competitiveness. Establishing a nationwide demand-oriented and competitive training system to generate greater economic growth and create more jobs is a major challenge for Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Cooperative and skills-based technical vocational education and training has been introduced at the pilot locations in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Together with its partners, the project is optimising the legal framework to strengthen technical vocational education and training in Bosnia and Herzegovina in the long term.
It provides businesses, ministries, schools, school authorities and teachers with advice and training on designing a standardised TVET system. This includes improved cooperation between schools and businesses to ensure that education and training courses are better adapted to the requirements of the labour market. The advisory services help the actors involved to perform their roles more effectively and contribute to high-quality technical vocational education and training.
The project also promotes expert exchange between partners within the country. The aim is to create the more integrated TVET system required to take the next steps in the EU accession process. Exchange platforms and networks are promoted at regional and supraregional level.
The adaptation of legal documents to new requirements achieves legal certainty and consolidates reforms in the long term.
The Ministry of Civil Affairs of Bosnia and Herzegovina is the political partner. The relevant ministries and subordinate institutions in the selected pilot regions are the implementation partners.
To date, the project has achieved the following results:
Standards for several occupations have been developed in cooperation with the private sector, to serve as a basis for curriculum development.
Teacher training and the provision of teacher-training materials ensure that the reformed curricula are implemented effectively.
A tracer study of vocational school graduates provides information regarding the quality of the TVET system and identifies potential as well as areas where action is required. Short videos detailing the success stories of skilled workers, brochures and other products are used to boost the image of TVET.
A legally binding regulation governing training in enterprises and colleges is already in force in one canton. The project is supporting the development of new TVET legislation for another canton. Yet another canton offers a mentoring programme to provide young people with career advice.
The project is also helping selected chambers of commerce to define their role in TVET and plan its implementation.