Support for the stabilisation process: Promotion of small-scale measures by local administrative structures
Title: Supporting the stabilisation process in Yemen by promoting small-scale measures by local administrative structures
Commissioned by: German Federal Foreign Office
Overall term: 2017 to 2019
The domestic situation in Yemen has steadily deteriorated since 2012. At great risk to the civilian population, most of the military operations target the country’s larger cities. In early July 2015, the United Nations declared its highest-level humanitarian emergency in Yemen. The peace talks initiated in spring 2016 with international support under Special Envoy Ismael Oud Sheikh Ahmed have stalled and large parts of civilian infrastructure have been damaged or destroyed. The UN estimates that out of a total population of 25.5 million, some 2.8 million people have had to flee from the fighting and are now internally displaced. Some 14.1 million Yemenis now deemed food insecure and 21 million are dependent on humanitarian aid.
Local administrations and districts in rural regions face enormous challenges in providing adequate services and responding to the various needs. They are unable to ensure an adequate supply of basic services for the population, such as water, food and electricity,. The same applies to safety, justice, education, health and infrastructure. The regional and local governorates currently lack human and technical resources. The limited ability of public authorities to provide basic services is eroding the population’s trust and thus the legitimacy of state structures.
Small-scale projects by local administrations in districts or communities help stabilise people’s living conditions as well as state and civil-society structures in the Hadramaut and Dhamar Governorates.
Project activities are planned in two areas:
- Strengthening the performance capacity of local administrative structures at the municipal or district level
The project works with existing administrative structures identified by the Berghof Foundation, or those parts of them that are still working, and strengthens them at the political level. The objective is to empower them to plan and implement small-scale projects aimed at stabilising local livelihoods.
Thanks to institutional capacity building, employees are learning how to formulate project applications, conduct procurements, initiate projects, maintain infrastructure measures and draw up simple financial reports. This will raise their awareness of the need for transparency and accountability towards the local government bodies. In addition, the employees specifically hired for the measures are being trained to implement projects and, in the case of infrastructure measures, to perform maintenance work.
- Supporting small-scale projects aimed at stabilising local livelihoods
The project promotes measures in response to acute needs and aims to improve local people’s living conditions. The objective is to reinforce the population’s trust in local government structures and so strengthen their legitimacy.
In order to implement the proposed measures swiftly, visibly and effectively in line with needs, the authorities in the Hadramaut and Dhamar Governorates are receiving grants for local small-scale projects. Moreoever, the population is also involved in the grant application process. The choice of the two governorates is designed to ensure that representatives from various conflicting parties take part. This approach complies with the do-no-harm principle which requires measures to be planned and designed in a conflict-sensitive manner.
The project cooperates with the Berghof Foundation project ‘Strengthening Inclusive Local Governance and Peacebuilding in Yemen’, which aims to improve local administrations’ contributions to peace, security and stabilisation by developing and strengthening inclusive and accountable structures. The project promotes this process by advising local authorities on the planning and implementation of small-scale projects. It also supports municipalities and districts with their local peacebuilding initiatives.