Adaptation of agricultural value chains to climate change (PrAda)

Projet description

Title: Adaptation of agricultural value chains to climate change (PrAda)
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Country: Madagascar
Lead executing agency: Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock (Ministère auprès de la Présidence en charge de l’Agriculture et de l’Elevage – MPAE)
Overall term: 2017 to 2020

Pêcheurs d'Ambovombe après la pêche

Context

Vanilla, cloves and lychees are only a few of the agricultural products cultivated in Madagascar. Agriculture is a significant economic force in the country, which is one of the poorest in the world. Around a quarter of the gross domestic product is generated through agriculture. It forms the livelihood for a large part of the population and employs around 80 per cent of working people.

Due to the population's high dependence on natural resources and its geographical location, the island nation in the Indian Ocean is among the most heavily affected by the impacts of climate change. Madagascar is experiencing more and more extreme weather events, such as heavy rain, cyclones and droughts. The country is also suffering from the gradually advancing impacts of climate change, such as sea level rise and the loss of fertile soils. Adapting agriculture to the impacts of climate change will secure the livelihoods of many people and is necessary for Madagascar’s sustainable development.

Smallholder farming structures are predominant in Madagascar. People often farm on segmented land that is difficult to access. Farmers and the processing industry are poorly organised and often utilise traditional cultivation, animal husbandry and processing techniques. The overall productivity of the agricultural sector therefore remains low, and the country regularly experiences severe food crises.

Triage des poivres avant transformation et conditionnement par les femmes

Objective

The productivity of the participating actors in the agricultural value chains particularly affected by climate change is increased.

Clous de girofle de Farafangana séchés

Approach

The Adaptation of Agricultural Value Chains to Climate Change (PrAda) project operates on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) in the Anosy, Androy and Atsimo Atsinanana regions in the arid southern part of the country. In addition to the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock as the lead executing agency, PrAda works at national level with the Meteorological Service and the Ministry of Finance in particular. At regional level, the project cooperates with the relevant chambers of commerce and industry, local farmers’ associations and private companies, among others.

At the start of the project, value chains will be selected in the three regions to receive support from PrAda. The project is geared towards the ValueLinks approach, a systematic compilation of action-oriented methods that increase the performance capacities of the various actors. To this end, the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH is implementing measures in three areas:

The actors in the value chains obtain improved access to agro-meteorological and agricultural extension services. This enables production to be adapted to climate change.

The structural frameworks of the value chains, such as the organisation and cooperation of actors, are improved. Access to equipment is facilitated, and the production techniques are adapted.

Climate risk insurance schemes are introduced. This means that value chain actors can insure themselves against income losses due to climate and weather-related events.