Urban development: support for the development of public infrastructure facilities

Project details

Title: Urban development: support for the development of public infrastructure facilities
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Co-funded by: European Union (EU)
Country: Egypt
Lead executing agency: Ministry of Housing, Utilities and Urban Communities (MoHUUC)
Overall term: 2017 bis 2021



Egypt’s cities are growing extremely rapidly, generally without state control or planning management. More than 60 per cent of the approximately 20 million inhabitants of Greater Cairo live in informal urban areas, i.e. districts that have been built without permission. These are densely built-up and lack adequate access to public infrastructure and services. Participatory planning instruments are barely being used or applied to improve the urban planning process. In addition, climate change and its consequences are posing new challenges for residents of these urban areas.
The preceding project, entitled Participatory Development Programme in Urban Areas (PDP), brought about initial improvements to the infrastructure in selected areas, but the need to expand the technical and social infrastructure remains considerable. This applies not only to water, wastewater, and waste recycling and disposal but also to the management of both public space and traffic, as well as to facilities for education, health and recreation.


The establishment and operation of basic public infrastructure and related public services in nine informal urban settlements of Greater Cairo Region is improved. The competent ministry uses integrated and participatory development approaches, which are mainstreamed in the guidelines of urban development policies.



Based on experience gained in the Participatory Development Programme, the project further develops tried-and-tested measures and participatory approaches. Through joint infrastructure measures, the project strengthens the capacities of the public authorities in the governorates to support integrated and participatory development in nine informal urban areas. The project builds or renovates medium-size public infrastructure for the governorates. Measures are selected through integrated and participatory Local Area Development Plans.The construction activities for physically upgraded infrastructure facilities will go hand in hand with measures aimed at empowering local government administration to implement projects independently. The project also uses complementary initiatives (Local Initiative Fund) as a way of involving civil society organisations.

The experience gained at local level will be integrated in the following areas at national level:

  • Advising national institutions on addressing particular challenges in informal urban areas
  • Creating guidelines and manuals for local decision-makers and government employees
  • Supporting further training courses currently offered by national training institutions regarding the utilisation of various urban planning tools

The Participatory Infrastructure Project (PIP) works with the Egyptian Ministry of Housing, Utilities and Urban Communities (MoHUUC) and is cofinanced by the European Union and the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ).


  • In August 2018 two pilot Local Area Development Plans (LADPs) were finalised and a further seven are to be completed in the near future.
  • An international consultancy was contracted to design and supervise the implementation of 30 medium-size infrastructure projects, which were identified together with the lead executing agency as a result of the LADP process and jointly approved for further planning and execution.
  • A joint steering committee (Project Management Office, PMO) was set up with the partner ministry in July 2018, providing a basis for close cooperation with the lead executing agency. This enabled the project to agree on the necessary adaptations and to carry out additional LADPs.
  • Agreements have also been made with three governorates on the framework conditions for project execution, and local steering committees have been established.
  • Capacity development activities have so far trained 110 government employees on geographic information system (GIS) applications, 45 decision-makers and urban planners on the Urban Nexus (resource-efficient and integrated cities) approach, while 90 civil society organisations have been trained in project planning.

Further Information