Promoting sustainable mobility and the shift to green transport in China and Germany
Title: Sino-German Cooperation on Mobility and Fuels Strategy (MFS) as a Contribution to the Mobility and Transport Transition
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure (BMVI)
Country: People's Republic of China
Lead executing agency: Ministry of Transport of the People's Republic of China (MoT)
Overall term: 2019 to 2022
Around the world, mobility is changing. This is down to a number of closely connected megatrends such as urbanisation, technological progress, individualisation and digitalisation. Forecasts predict that a billion people in China will be living in cities by 2030 and that more than 200 Chinese cities will have in excess of a million inhabitants. This population concentration in urban agglomerations is making space increasingly scarce and causing an increase in mobility requirements.
To cover the resulting energy requirements while meeting international climate targets, low-emission technology and alternative fuels are needed. After all, China has the highest greenhouse gas emissions of any country in the world. At the same time, new approaches such as electrification, networking, automation and shared mobility are now emerging that could fundamentally change transportation.
The focus here is on end-to-end mobility concepts and the interplay between the individual components. Integrating these complex mobility systems into public infrastructures, urban planning and traffic control requires balanced coordination between the relevant regional, national and international institutions.
Germany with its strong automotive industry and China as the leading market for electromobility and a pioneer of smart cities are facing similar challenges and can learn a great deal from one other. The two countries now have the opportunity to work together in China to develop and test strategies for sustainable mobility. In the coming decades, these strategies may serve as blueprints not only for growing megacities in Asia, South America and Africa, but also for possible approaches in Germany.
Political and technical dialogue between China and Germany on topics relating to mobility and fuels has been strengthened. The two countries are implementing jointly developed mobility concepts.
The project supports political dialogue between the German Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure (BMVI), the Chinese Ministry of Transport (MoT) and other Chinese political partners. Moreover, it promotes an exchange between experts and the private sector in both countries with regard to mobility and fuel strategies.
The project prepares and assesses end-to-end mobility concepts in China and Germany and evaluates their implementation. Based on this, it produces concrete recommendations for political action geared towards a sustainable and socially responsible shift to green transport. The focus is on integrated mobility concepts, in particular traffic hubs, sector coupling (integrating renewable energy into the transport sector), demographic change, and the potential of micro mobility (small and lightweight vehicles) and non-motorised mobility.
- The political and technical exchange has strengthened relationships between the Chinese and German ministries of transport in the area of sustainable transport.
- The project has succeeded in demonstrating to Chinese interest groups the positive effects of a participatory approach to the mobility and fuel strategy in Chinese cities. Brief studies on this topic have been carried out in the pilot region of Jing-Jin-Ji. As a result, integrated cooperation of regional stakeholders in the pilot region has been strengthened.
- The results and recommended action derived from the brief studies have clearly resulted in Chinese partners reviewing further measures in non-motorised transport. This includes the development of a bicycle transport system in the city of Zhangjiakou by regional and local governments.
- In May 2019, the ministries of transport in the two countries signed a joint declaration of intent to hold a Sino-German mobility forum.
- The cooperation has resulted in a development partnership with the private sector to establish environmentally friendly fuels for ships in Chinese ports. The partnership is part of the develoPPP.de programme of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ).