ProQR - Climate neutral alternative fuels
Title: International Climate Initiative (IKI)
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, and Nuclear Safety (BMU)
Lead executing agency: Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia, Inovações e Comunicações (MCTIC)
Overall term: 2017 to 2022
In Brazil, the demand for fuel in the transportation sector increases about 5 per cent per year. Despite the fall in price of raw materials around the world and the difficult economic conditions, fuel in Brazil has become more expensive. Most of the goods are transported by truck, and air travel is the predominant form of passenger transportation.
The politically pursued growing expansion of the air transport network into remote areas poses enormous logistical challenges. Long and complicated fuel transportation routes to airports and to the supply of boats and ships, trucks, cars and motorcycles generate high costs and harm the environment. In addition, the growing demand for fuel can be met only partially by biofuels such as ethanol and biodiesel. One possible solution – other than electromobility – are fuels produced using wind and solar energy. Brazil is very well placed to produce and use such fuels due to its huge potential of decentralised renewable energy sources, which are not only climate-friendly, but also cost-efficient.
While Brazil has great potential to generate renewable energies, a well-developed industry, and a growing demand for fuels, Germany contributes with know-how to produce climate-friendly fuels. In this scenario, technical cooperation allows both countries to work together for the global decarbonisation.
An internationally usable reference case for the production and use of alternative climate-friendly fuels in aviation is available and proven through a pilot installation. Experiences are systematically captured and serve the international debate on the decarbonisation of the air transport sector.
To begin, a study on the plausibility of a concept of decentralised production of synthetic fuels is conducted, as well as a description of technical and economic feasibility.
Implementation partners, other than GIZ, are the German Aerospace Centre, and in Brazil the ministry of Science, Technology, Innovation, and Communication, the Energy Planning Agency, and the Regulation Authority for Oil, Natural Gas, and Biofuels.
After the theoretical proof of concept, as well as the preparation of relevant actors an international consortium led by a Brazilian company builds the pilot plant in Brazil. The plant is financed by Brazilian and international funds.
Experiences are systematically captured and documented, scientifically validated, and provided to the international discussion of decarbonisation of the air transport sector.