Dialogue with Germany is driving Chinese environmental policy forward
Title: Sino-German Environmental Partnership II
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB)
Country: People’s Republic of China
Lead executing agency: Ministry of Environmental Protection (MEP)
Overall term: 2017 to 2021
The Chinese Government has set itself ambitious goals with its 13th Five-Year Plan (FYP, 2016–2020). Under the plan, a ‘moderately prosperous society’ and an ‘ecological civilisation’ are to be established in the country by 2020. Reduced carbon dioxide emissions, effective environmental protection and sustainable development are key aspects of China’s nationally determined contributions (NCDs) and its national plan for implementing the 2030 Agenda. New regulations and national action plans for water, air and soil point to institutional reforms, measures and instruments aimed at securing sustainable improvements to environmental quality in the coming years. Despite making considerable progress with the implementation of modern environmental legislation, much work still needs to be done.
The Sino-German strategic environmental dialogue on policy development and implementation in the areas of environmental protection as well as climate-friendly and resource-friendly patterns of consumption and production improves the Chinese system of environmental governance.
Consultants to the project support the Chinese Government in its work to develop an effective system of environmental governance by sharing experience and providing advisory services on a variety of topics, including the improvement of air, water and soil quality. At the same time, it strengthens sustainable, resource-friendly and climate-friendly production and consumption patterns, as well as market-oriented approaches to environmental policy. As a result, it contributes towards achieving the sustainable development goals of the 2030 Agenda. In cooperation with the China Council for International Cooperation on Environment and Development (CCICED), the project supports the drafting of concrete policies and solutions.
The Ministry of Environmental Protection of the People’s Republic of China (MEP), downstream institutions and the CCICED are acting on the policy recommendations and solutions. The positive effects are evident at various administrative levels. Established alliances and partnerships are helping with the expansion of measures. Compatible laws and regulations, an integrated combination of environmental policy instruments as well as the involvement of other stakeholders (for example, from the private sector and society) are forming the basis for a more consistent implementation of environmental policy and are improving the effectiveness and efficiency of China’s system of environmental governance.