Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency (4E) – Phase II
Title: Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency (4E) – Phase II
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), European Union (EU)
Country: Socialist Republic of Viet Nam
Lead executing agency: Ministry of Industry and Trade (MoIT)
Overall term: 2018 to 2021
The Vietnamese economy is one of the most dynamic in Asia. The rapid economic growth is closely linked to the expansion of the energy sector. Approximately four gigawatts of electricity have to be added each year in order to meet the demand for electricity. Renewable sources of energy and greater energy efficiency are therefore important in contributing to a reliable energy supply in Viet Nam.
The Vietnamese Government has formulated ambitious targets for renewable sources of energy in its Power Development Plan VII and RE Development Strategy, aiming to generate 6.5 per cent of the total electricity production from renewables by 2025 and 10.7 per cent by 2030. In its environmental protection commitments (Nationally Determined Contributions, NDCs) following the UN Climate Conference in Paris (COP21), the Vietnamese Government stressed the importance of increasing energy efficiency and thereby reducing greenhouse gas emissions. The regulations for further financing of climate-related projects (green banking) are currently being elaborated. The development banks have signalled their willingness to continue investing in renewable sources of energy in Viet Nam.
An overarching policy framework is therefore in place, providing for mandatory energy audits, national targets in the field of renewables, and feed-in tariffs for related technologies. Viet Nam is also developing several major pilot projects for the production of renewable energy and starter models for energy efficiency services.
In order to guarantee the energy supply and security both now and in the future, however, expertise and knowledge must be further developed at all decision-making levels. This will include skills in political strategy, investment planning and project development.
The legal basis is in place for the large-scale expansion of renewable sources of energy and for the promotion of energy efficiency in Viet Nam. Further depth has been added to the specialist knowledge of decision-makers for the successful formulation and implementation of policy guidelines in the sector.
GIZ advises the Government, industry and energy service providers in Viet Nam on the development of renewable sources of energy and on increasing energy efficiency.
Renewable sources of energy: The project will boost the potential and capabilities of the Electricity and Renewable Energy Agency within the Ministry of Industry and Trade and of key companies in the energy sector. This will involve making proposals for a national steering and coordination mechanism for the further expansion of renewable sources of energy (especially photovoltaics), studies, intensive exchange between decision-makers and international experts, and training sessions on policy formulation and technical problem areas.
Energy efficiency: The project will support the further development of the expertise of the Department of Energy Efficiency and Sustainable Development (DEESD) in the Ministry of Industry and Trade and of energy consumers served by the industrial service providers and utility companies. The activities will include the development of a database for energy efficiency and energy performance indicators. Managers in the energy sector will gain access to international expertise with regard to policies designed to increase energy efficiency.
Raising awareness: The project will organise a national energy efficiency award for energy-intensive industries and will help the Ministry of Industry and Trade to publicise success stories.