Proklima – Worldwide promotion of environmentally friendly and energy-efficient cooling technologies
Title: Proklima sector project
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Overall term: 2016 to 2020
Ozone-depleting gases that are used in industry and agriculture lead to a dangerous thinning of the ozone layer. In response to this, the international community agreed on the Montreal Protocol (MP) in 1987, which obliges all ratifying states to adhere to specific phase-out deadlines.
Since the foundation of Proklima in 1995, German policy-makers have been calling for an integrated approach to ozone and climate protection based on naturally occurring gases and sustainable technologies. The German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) takes this position in international cooperation, and was able to exert considerable influence on the support guidelines of the Executive Committee and to achieve progress in ozone and climate protection.
However, manufacturers of chemicals have introduced new replacement substances that themselves have strong negative impacts on the environment and climate. This production consumes scarce raw materials and the importing of chemicals into developing countries leads to significant expenditure of foreign currency and to high disposal costs in these countries.
The gradual phase-out of ozone-depleting substances has led to a shift in focus internationally, particularly with regard to climate protection. The MP has become central to the debate on the climate impact of harmful gases: the international community aims to decide on the future of these highly climate-damaging gases within this framework.
The discussion on climate-damaging gases is closely associated with the debate on the importance of the energy efficiency of cooling and air-conditioning technology. For this reason, solutions are being sought that protect both the ozone layer and the climate.
The BMZ position on promoting environmentally friendly and energy-efficient cooling technologies has been taken into account to a significant extent in the negotiations on the Montreal Protocol and within the framework of German development cooperation.
Proklima supports partner countries with implementing the provisions of the Montreal Protocol and of other international agreements both strategically and in terms of technology. To achieve this goal, the project operates in four areas of activity:
First, Proklima is advising BMZ on issues relating to integrated ozone and climate protection. In this way, the German position will contribute to a changeover to alternative substances in the cooling sector.
Second, Proklima is introducing environmentally friendly technologies for cooling and insulation to the market in cooperation countries. The programme also tries to ensure that the local population is using these technologies correctly.
Third, the programme participates in Ozone Fund projects in order to establish concepts and technologies in cooperation countries and to provide advice to these countries on the Ozone Fund's strategic orientation.
Finally, Proklima advises the main actors in the key areas of German development cooperation on the introduction and broader establishment of technologies that are kind to the ozone layer, climate and environment.
The Proklima programme has made a significant contribution to the strengthening of ozone-friendly and climate friendly alternatives:
- By 2013, around 7,400 projects had been implemented with a total volume of just under USD 3.04 billion.
- Ozone Fund projects by Proklima have achieved savings of over 8,000 tonnes of ozone-depleting substances.
- German projects are generally climate-neutral when compared with other multilateral organisations. Projects by other organisations, such as the United Nations Development Programme or the World Bank, use synthetic gases that protect the ozone layer, but also damage the climate and continue to cause emissions. In contrast, Germany uses natural, climate friendly alternatives.
- Savings of 100 megatonnes of CO2 have been achieved with the aid of 240 German projects in over 40 partner countries. This is equivalent to around 1.5 times the amount of greenhouse gases emitted annually by crop and livestock farming in Germany.