Improving employment opportunities within skilled craft professions
Title: Employment Oriented Vocational Training for Skilled Crafts
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Lead executing agency: Ministry of Labour
Overall term: 2017 to 2020
Jordan has a rapidly growing population of around 9.5 million people, of whom some three million are refugees. Individuals under 30 years of age make up 70 per cent of the total populace.
However, at the same time, employment prospects are unsatisfactory. The high number of refugees is placing particular strain on the vocational education system and the labour market. As a result, many young people work in the informal sector, which accounts for 44 per cent of employment. Others are underemployed or, as self-employed persons, often unable to generate sufficient income. In addition, distributional conflicts are becoming more apparent, resulting in the exclusion of the local population from the labour market, an increase in informal employment and a threat to social cohesion. Professions in skilled crafts offer comparatively high employment potential; however, prospective employers complain that skilled workers are difficult to find. Occupations within the skilled craft sector are often perceived as an unattractive and undesirable option, inadequate payment being among the reasons for this. The existing vocational training for skilled craft professions is generally not very practice-oriented and is insufficiently aligned with the needs of the labour market. Young people from vulnerable local groups, and the refugee group in particular, rarely meet the admission requirements for formal initial training. There are no adequate vocational training courses available to them. Young people are insufficiently informed about the employment prospects in skilled craft professions and corresponding advisory and support services. Furthermore, occupations within private companies are less attractive than positions in the public sector, which are said to offer more security.
Young Jordanians and Syrian refugees recognise employment opportunities in skilled craft professions and benefit from the improved vocational training offerings and the information and advisory services for specific target groups and sectors.
The project aims to enable young people and young adults from vulnerable Jordanian and Syrian refugee groups to take greater advantage of the employment opportunities in skilled craft professions. The project achieves this through improving the vocational training in selected skilled craft professions and improving information and advisory services for specific target groups and sectors. Enhancing decision-making and employability is foundational when it comes to better identifying and seizing employment opportunities.
Implementation will take place in various regions as defined by the project in consultation with the Jordanian partners at the beginning of implementation. The selection of the promoted professions was based upon a labour market analysis which took account of the previous implementation experience of German technical cooperation in Jordan.
The close partnership with the German crafts and skilled trade businesses is a core project element. The German Confederation of Skilled Crafts (ZDH) provides the interface between the project and the skilled crafts organisations in Germany. It supports the project in establishing cooperation arrangements and advises, for example, on developing a seal of quality for the German crafts and skilled trade businesses. The development and implementation of the vocational training modules in the various pilot locations will take place in cooperation with the selected skilled crafts organisations.
The project is part of the BMZ Special Initiative for Stability and Development in the MENA Region. Through the special initiative projects, the Ministry is helping create economic and social prospects for people in the region. The focus is on youth and employment promotion, economic stabilisation, democratisation and the stabilisation of neighbouring countries in crisis situations.