Developing technical and vocational education and training
Title: Support of the implementation of the National Strategy for Vocational Training
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Lead executing agency: State Secretariat for Vocational Training (SEFP)
Overall term: 2019 to 2021
Despite good economic development, Morocco is struggling with high levels of unemployment among young people, which affects young women in particular. In general, there is a lack of jobs for the younger population. The labour market is characterised by underemployment and precarious working conditions with low incomes. The industrial and service sectors have not yet created enough employment opportunities, whilst at the same time they complain of a shortage of qualified workers.
In recent years, the technical and vocational education and training (TVET) system has particularly focused on comprehensive expansion due to population growth. At present it is not sufficiently aligned with the requirements of businesses. Graduates are poorly prepared for employment, with the majority of cooperative TVET in Morocco still being solely school-based. Efforts to give training a more practical orientation in cooperation with businesses have so far fallen short of the expectations of the National Technical and Vocational Education and Training Strategy. One obstacle to the expansion of cooperative TVET is the lack of training places. Until now, state training providers have been unable to develop a joint strategy for involving the private sector in cooperative training. Therefore, the quality, relevance and qualification level of training are insufficient to meet the requirements of the labour market. Current TVET courses do not adequately cover the demand.
Public-private dialogue on the strategic steering of cooperative TVET has been established and its quality has improved. The private sector makes a greater contribution to the planning, implementation and evaluation of cooperative TVET, and fine-tuned approaches are implemented in two sectors.
The project builds on established cooperative training models running in schools and businesses, and focuses on promoting structure-building measures. These measures must enable effective planning, implementation and evaluation in line with the demands of the labour market. The project plans to create the conditions for more training places in business, and regular meetings between the companies offering training and the educational institutions should strengthen cooperation. Greater labour-market orientation of courses will be achieved through better cooperation among the stakeholders, skills development and the introduction of quality standards in selected sectors.
The project takes into account the difficulty of integrating women into the labour market. Gender aspects will receive greater consideration in the educational training of teachers and trainers, with a greater focus on preparing young women to enter the labour market.
The project’s lead executing agency is the Ministry of National Education, Higher Education, Staff Training and Scientific Research. Its main implementing partners are the ministry’s staff training department, as the state body responsible for the TVET system, and the Moroccan General Confederation of Moroccan Enterprises (CGEM).