Renewable Energy

© GIZ/Bernhard Boesl

GIZ supports partner countries in their energy system transformation and the system integration of renewable energies.

In order to achieve the goal adopted at the 2015 World Climate Summit in Paris of limiting the rise in temperature to 1.5 degrees Celsius, a further massive expansion of renewable energies is indispensable in addition to increasing energy efficiency. This applies both to large-scale grid-connected generation plants (e.g. wind and solar parks), decentralised grid-connected plants (e.g. photovoltaic roof-mounted plants) and to the implementation of energy access solutions in remote areas.

Thanks to comprehensive subsidy programmes and significant cost reductions, there has been a strong increase in electricity generation from renewable energies worldwide. In more and more market segments and countries, renewable energies are becoming the most cost-effective supply option and thus competitive with conventional technologies. These developments are also reflected in some of our partner countries. These countries are setting themselves ambitious targets for the expansion of renewable energies and are massively pushing ahead with the transformation of their energy systems. In addition to the global climate targets, local environmental targets, security of supply and independence from fuel imports are important aspects for our partner countries that speak in favour of expanding renewable energies.

GIZ has been supporting this development for many years and supports developing and emerging countries in the promotion and dissemination of renewable energies. GIZ advises partner governments on the creation of legal and regulatory preconditions, the drafting of technical standards, the design and implementation of promotion mechanisms, the planning of concrete investment projects and training and further education.

With a growing share of variable renewable energies (wind energy and photovoltaics) in electricity generation, the challenges to grid stability and security of supply are increasing. As a result, aspects of the system integration of variable renewable energies are also gaining in importance for the work of the GIZ. In numerous countries, partner institutions (e.g. energy suppliers, grid operators, regulators) are advised on system planning, electricity market design, grid regulation, grid management and the development of supply-side and demand-side flexibility options. GIZ thus contributes to a secure and stable electricity supply with an increasing share of renewable energies.