GIZ supports partner countries in their energy system transformation and the system integration of renewable energies.
In order to achieve the goal adopted at the 2015 World Climate Summit in Paris of limiting the rise in temperature to 1.5 degrees Celsius, massive expansion of renewable energies is indispensable in addition to increasing energy efficiency. This applies both to large-scale grid-connected generation plants (e.g. wind and solar parks), decentralised grid-connected plants (e.g. photovoltaic roof-mounted plants) and the implementation of energy access solutions in remote areas.
Thanks to comprehensive funding programmes and significant cost reductions, there has been a strong increase in electricity generation from renewable energies worldwide. In more and more market segments and countries, renewable energies are becoming the most cost-effective supply option and thus competitive with conventional technologies. These developments are also reflected in some of our partner countries. These countries are setting themselves ambitious targets for the expansion of renewable energies and are pushing ahead with the transformation of their energy systems. In addition to the global climate targets, the main reasons for expanding renewable energies in our partner countries are local environmental targets, security of supply and independence from fuel imports.
GIZ has been supporting these developments for many years and assists developing countries and emerging economies in promoting and disseminating renewable energies. It advises partner governments on creating legal and regulatory conditions, drafting technical standards, designing and implementing funding mechanisms, planning concrete investment projects and training experts.
With a growing share of variable renewable energies (wind energy and photovoltaics) in electricity generation, the challenges of grid operation and power system planning are increasing. As a result, aspects connected with the system integration of variable renewable energies are also becoming more important in GIZ’s work. GIZ advises partner institutions (e.g. energy suppliers, grid operators, regulators) in numerous countries on system planning, electricity market design, grid regulation, grid management and the development of supply-side and demand-side flexibility options. It thus contributes to a secure and stable electricity supply with an increasing share of renewable energies.