Mosaic Landscape in the Himalayas (GIZ/Alejandro Bertrab)

Promoting forest landscape restoration, climate action and human well-being

Restore, Conserve and Protect Forest and Tree Cover for NDC Implementation in India (RECAP4NDC)

+ Show all
  • Commissioning Party

    Federal Ministry for Environment, Nature Conservation, Nuclear Safety and Consumer Protection (BMUV) under the International Climate Initiative (IKI)

  • Country
  • Lead executing agency


  • Overall term

    2023 to 2029

  • Other Stakeholders

    International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) India, Forest Survey of India (FSI), The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI), Indian Council of Forestry Research and Education (ICFRE), International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD)

  • Products and expertise

    Climate, environment, management of natural resources

Sandalwood plantations in Maharashtra (GIZ/Aruneema Singh)


India is among the few countries worldwide to have achieved a positive trend in forest and tree cover, which stands at 24.6 per cent against the 33 per cent target of the National Forest Policy 1988. Nevertheless, areas with serious forest and land degradation still exist and 43 per cent of forests can be considered degraded. Drivers of degradation include increasing urbanisation, overgrazing, fuelwood extraction, extended droughts, and uncertain rainfall.

The Forest Survey of India (FSI) estimates that 76 million hectares can be restored. However, gaps exist in adopting landscape restoration approaches. These include vague conceptual understanding, implementation challenges, accessing available funds and exploring blended finance, monitoring, and reporting structures as well as knowledge exchange. They can be addressed by building the capabilities of public and private actors, enhancing frameworks of existing programmes and leveraging the stated interest of various stakeholders.


National, regional and local actors in India have derived ecological, socio-economic, governance and climate-change-related benefits from Forest Landscape Restoration (FLR).

Landscapes in Uttarakhand (GIZ/Aruneema Singh)


The project supports India in achieving its targets on restoring degraded forests and landscapes. The core activities are as follows:

  • Providing technical assistance to implement different FLR approaches such as planted forest and woodlots, assisted natural regeneration, improved forest management, agroforestry, mangrove, and wetland restoration, among many others at selected model sites.
  • Establishing and using integrated systems for Monitoring, Evaluation and Reporting (MER) of the climate, ecological and socio-economic benefits of FLR.
  • Applying models and tools for financing FLR from private, public, and international sources and anchoring FLR in existing policy and planning processes, facilitating knowledge exchange, and enhancing capabilities at national, subnational and local level.
Aravalli forest landscape in Asola Bhatti Wildlife Sanctuary, Delhi (GIZ/Saurab Babu)la Bhatti Wildlife Sanctuary, Delhi (GIZ/Saurab Babu)

Last update: July 2023

Additional information