Regional Fund for Triangular Cooperation in Latin America and the Caribbean
Title: Regional Fund for Triangular Cooperation in Latin America and the Caribbean
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Region: Latin America and the Caribbean
Overall term: 2010 to 2018
Triangular cooperation projects are planned, financed and implemented jointly by an established DAC provider – an industrialised country that is a member of the Development Assistance Committee of the OECD – an emerging economy that can be a South provider or beneficiary, and a third country as a beneficiary. In practice, there are various additional constellations that German development cooperation recognises as triangular cooperation projects. Due to the complementary strengths of the partners, triangular cooperation projects yield added value compared to bilateral projects.
The global cooperation architecture has changed radically. Emerging economies have significantly expanded their South-South cooperation arrangements in recent years. Particularly in Latin America and the Caribbean, many countries are already implementing development measures in third countries.
Triangular cooperation projects serve as a bridge between North-South and South-South cooperation arrangements; they are an instrument for supporting strategic partnerships in meeting global challenges together. International interest in triangular cooperation projects has risen dramatically. This is also reflected in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. With the Regional Fund for Triangular Cooperation, the German Government is helping to harness the potential of this powerful instrument more effectively.
Triangular cooperation projects between Latin American and Caribbean partner countries and Germany foster public policies for sustainable development in the partner countries.
On behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), GIZ established the Regional Fund for Triangular Cooperation in Latin America and the Caribbean. The Fund aims to enable the participating countries to systematically learn together about the opportunities and limitations of triangular cooperation.
Any of Latin American and Caribbean countries can be cooperation partners. Partner countries in other regions may also be beneficiary countries. Proposals for triangular cooperation projects can be submitted at calls for tender, which are issued twice per year. There are no limits regarding themes and there are no prescribed priority areas. The added value for all participants and particularly the demand in the beneficiary country must be clearly identifiable, and the objectives must coincide with the development policy priorities of all of the partners involved. The egalitarian nature of the partnerships is also reflected by the balanced financial contributions of the Latin American South providers to the triangular projects. The contribution of the Latin American provider is at least as large as the German contribution.
By advising lead agencies in emerging economies and beneficiary countries, Germany supports the joint development and implementation of triangular cooperation projects. This is accomplished by drawing on German and regional specialists, knowledge management and networking, training and further education measures as well by providing supplies.
The regional fund makes Germany unique among the traditional actors: the Fund's regional approach – so far unique - underscores the importance that the region has for Germany, for example regarding global themes in the area of climate and the environment as well as good governance.
The regional fund has a very good reputation in Latin America and the Caribbean as an instrument that promotes cooperation between equals and that takes into account the growing involvement of emerging economies in global processes. The considerable demand from the partners demonstrates this impressively.
To date, a total of 21 participating countries have launched more than 45 individual measures on various themes, approximately half of which are currently being implemented. In Guatemala, for example, Chile and Germany are promoting food security. And together with Mexico and Chile, Germany is strengthening the sustainability of production and consumption in Colombia and Peru within the framework of the Pacific alliance.
In the meantime, interregional triangular cooperation projects are also being supported by the Regional Fund. Following cooperation with Brazil and Mozambique, there is now a cooperation project with Costa Rica and Morocco for managing forests, conservation areas and watersheds in the light of climate change. Depending on their focus, the supported projects contribute to the achievement of different Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) defined in the 2030 Agenda.
Cooperation agencies involved in development cooperation and relevant ministries in Latin American and Caribbean are being strengthened with systematic step-by-step training measures. The partners are obtaining qualifications to enable them to carry out effective development measures (Human Capacity Development).
The Fund promotes regional dialogue on triangular cooperation. By systematising lessons learned, it contributes to continuing the development of triangular cooperation with and within the region.
Regional conferences provide venues to exchange views and experiences, and for political dialogue between countries, as in Bogotá in 2012, in Mexico City in 2013 and in Santiago de Chile in 2015.
The expansion of skills and systematic knowledge on the efficient implementation of triangular development measures, as well as networking actors, are supported by the Fund through a training network. The Red de Capacitación en Cooperación Triangular para proyectos entre América Latina y el Caribe y Alemania was founded in 2013 in conjunction with the respective partners.
The innovative range of services like training modules on triangular cooperation have been well received by the partners. They are being offered in e-learning format via the Global Campus 21 platform. This is complemented by regional face-to-face workshops on project management topics related to triangular cooperation; so far, workshops have been held in El Salvador, the Dominican Republic, Guatemala, Costa Rica and Bolivia.