A field with young coffee plants. The outline of several people can be seen in the background.

Conservation and sustainable use of natural resources

Conservation and sustainable use of natural resources in Ethiopia: Biodiversity

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  • Commissioning Party

    German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)

  • Country
  • Lead executing agency


  • Overall term

    2021 to 2024

  • Other Stakeholders

    Consortium GFA Consulting Group GmbH

  • Products and expertise

    Climate, environment, management of natural resources

Employee at the tree nursery in Gerese


The population of Ethiopia is growing steadily, and so too is the demand for natural resources. Illegal and often short-term use of resources is causing severe degradation of conservation areas and forests. This is endangering ecosystems that are vital to preserving the livelihoods of local communities, for example by providing clean water and fertile soil. Up to now, however, the contribution that these ecosystems make has gone largely unnoticed by the local population. Instead, conservation areas are often perceived as obstacles to development. In addition, there are funding gaps in administration, which make it harder to manage nature conservation areas effectively.

View of the forest at the Nech Sar National Park


The project supports the relevant institutions in managing conservation areas and forests sustainably in cooperation with actors from other areas of work, taking into account the interests of local communities.

Forest at the Chebera Churchura National


The project promotes cooperation in conservation area management among various different actors and areas of work. It views the social, economic and ecological dimensions of the relationship between the conservation areas and neighbouring communities in context.

Families who live in immediate proximity to the areas receive support from the project to establish alternative sources of income that are climate-resilient and legal. In addition, it implements mechanisms to involve local communities in decision-making processes systematically. This promotes mutual understanding and respect for the interests of both parties. The projects focuses primarily on women, as they are dependent on these resources for taking care of their families, yet are often excluded from decision-making due to traditional gender roles.

Last update: September 2023

A Silk Thread of Hope

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