Conservation and sustainable use of natural resources

Programme description

Title: Conservation and sustainable use of natural resources
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Country: Madagascar
Lead executing agency: Ministry of Environment, Ecology, Sea and Forests
Overall term: 2014 to 2020

1 -  Un Propithecus coquereli_rdax_350x262


The demand for food and fuel-wood among Madagascar’s population, most of whom live below the poverty line, is causing progressive deforestation and land degradation, as well as the loss of biodiversity. The institutional framework for the conservation and sustainable use of natural resources is inadequate, as are the relevant knowledge and resources.


The conservation and sustainable, climate-resilient use of natural resources has improved in and around protected areas.

2 - Flamants Roses dans l'Aire Protégée de Tsinjoriake, à St Augustin, Tuléar_rdax_350x233


The environment project contributes to improvements in the conservation and sustainable, climate-resilient use of natural resources in and around protected areas. It is operating in the regions of Diana, Boeny, Atsimo-Andrefana and Analamanga, with activities in five areas:

  1. Conservation and sustainable use of natural resources 
    The project supports people in generating long-term incomes from value chains based on the natural resources, for example from honey production or eco-tourism, and in managing the forests and protected areas sustainably.
  2. Increased professionalism and wider uptake of the value chain for biomass energy 
    Micro businesses and cooperatives receive assistance for the production and marketing of improved cooking stoves and ‘green’ charcoal (i.e. charcoal derived from sustainable forestry and produced in more efficient kilns).
  3. Strengthened legal, planning and institutional framework for the sustainable use of natural resources 
    The project supports efforts to update existing policies and instruments in the sector, and to develop new ones. It also supports the development of local and regional land use plans.
  4. Improvements to the ecological and social conditions for small-scale mining 
    The prevailing conditions in small-scale mining are being improved, such that this sector can meet Fairtrade standards in the medium term. The project is working to establish and support discussion platforms for improved governance in the sector. These stress the importance of the inclusion of women. Measures in this area are co-financed by the Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT).
  5. Enhanced capacities for adaptation to climate change among significant stakeholders 
    Here, the advisory services focus on developing strategies, mainstreaming climate change adaptation, and strengthening the coordinating bodies. Also important are the provision of information to the broader population, curriculum development and further training. These activities are co-financed by the European Union.
4 - Restauration de Mangroves par les communautés de base dans la Région Boeny_rdax_350x196


For 5,900 households, the share of their incomes derived from the five value chains – tourism, honey, green charcoal, improved stoves and construction wood – has increased over two years, to 38 per cent from below 30 per cent.

217,000 people now have access to modern, wood or charcoal-powered cooking stoves.

62 formally established village user groups responsible for a combined 148,000 hectares, and seven non-governmental organisations that manage 417,000 hectares of protected area now ensure the conservation and sustainable use of the natural resources.

A spatial planning legislation, forestry policies, an environmental policy for sustainable development, and a national strategy for the rehabilitation of forest areas have all been passed into law.

The regions of Boeny and Diana, and 37 rural local authorities that hold extensive ecological potential, are working together to draft and pass long-term land use plans.

The numerous different interest groups involved in the small-scale mining of gemstones are reaching out to each other through dialogue, in order to develop a common vision for their sector. This includes one national-level dialogue and three regional processes.