Promotion of Economy and Employment
Title: Promotion of Economy and Employment
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Lead executing agency: Ministry of Finance and Economic Planning
Overall term: 2016 to 2019
Despite the strong economic growth of recent years, unemployment and under-employment
still present were Rwanda with some of its greatest challenges. The majority of the people in the densely populated country work in agriculture where incomes are low. At the same time, the number of young people entering the labour market is constantly growing. Employment promotion is high on the national development agenda. Rwanda would like to improve vocational training, promote the private sector and intervene in the labour market. It is planning to create 200,000 new jobs each year and to establish itself as a middle income country by 2020.
A number of public and private actors have carried out measures that have a broad impact on employment.
The project combines three areas. It is improving the competitiveness of small and medium-sized enterprises in the fields of ICT, tourism, the wood trade and the creative industries, and it is raising the quality of the demand-led vocational training system. At the same time it is further developing recruitment centres and employment services.
To establish a better business environment for companies, the project team is providing technical and methodological advice to the Ministry of Trade, Industry and East African Community Affairs, to the national economic promotion organisation and to organisations of the formal economy such as trade associations and chambers of commerce. The latter have assisted the project in providing services to their members and representing the interests of small and medium-sized enterprises. With all its partners, the project has organised relevant, sector-specific dialogues between the public and private sectors.
Together with the responsible parties from vocational schools, private training institutions and the Ministry of Education, the project team is developing a range of vocational training courses oriented to the needs of the labour market. In the four areas listed above, the project partners are introducing cooperative, dual vocational training. The project continues to develop the demand-led vocational education system, in cooperation with the education ministry, the vocational training authority and representatives of the private sector. This includes the ongoing development of a training system for vocational teachers, and the training of in-company instructors.
To bring job seekers and employers together more effectively, the project team is assisting the job centre in Kigali to improve and expand its services. To this end, the project cooperates with employers’ associations, the Chamber of Commerce and with individual companies, enabling them to increase the number of vacancies they register. With the Ministry of Public Service and Labour with other partner organisations, the project is developing a labour market information and analysis system and supporting other public job centres in medium-sized towns.
In all its activities, the project is keen to increase the economic participation of women and to include people with disabilities in the world of work and business.
With the support of the project, the associations and the Chamber of Commerce have been able to expand their range of services, and have so far provided advice to 400 enterprises on their company development. Almost 2,000 teachers and 475 managers have taken part in technical and methodological training courses, and over 360 school directors completed courses on school administration.
Since 2013, 1,500 young job seekers have registered with the job centre in Kigali, where they have made use of careers advice and the support for the preparation of job applications and interviews, and they have followed basic IT and entrepreneurship courses. So far, the job centre has assisted more than 370 young people to find employment or a work experience placement.