Developing the solar energy market in Tunisia
Title: Strengthening of the market for small and medium-sized PV systems
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Lead executing agency: Ministry of Energy, Mines and Renewable Energy
Overall term: 2017 to 2019
Tunisia meets around 97 per cent of its electricity needs from gas and oil. In 2015 the state paid energy subsidies of more than 150 billion euros, resulting in a considerable burden on the budget. At the same time, given the steadily falling prices of photovoltaic (PV) systems, there is now an environmentally friendly and economical alternative for generating electricity.
At present, however, despite the excellent geographical conditions, installed photovoltaic capacity stands at just 35 megawatts. More private and public investment is necessary to increase the proportion of photovoltaic systems. This will require a more enabling legal and administrative framework, customer-oriented services provided by the private sector and measures to anchor market growth in disadvantaged regions.
The project supports the efforts of the Tunisian Government to expand the market for decentralised photovoltaic systems.
The project works with its implementation partner, the National Agency for Energy Conservation (ANME), and other partners in the capital, the provinces and the municipalities, to improve the general regulatory conditions and services.
The partners want to reduce bureaucratic barriers to investment in line with national and international recommendations. To this end they wish, for example, to develop official support programmes and to make the regulatory conditions more attractive to investors.
Stakeholders in the local solar energy market – including the Agency, the energy utility STEG, municipalities and governorates, company representatives, banks and consumer organisations – are cooperating in three focus regions to draw up and jointly implement action plans designed to promote investment. The lessons learned are made available to other regions and representatives of the national incentive policy.
The transparency and quality of the products and services on the market are being improved. Methods and instruments are being identified for this purpose, and appropriate training measures are being planned and delivered for decision-makers, advisors and installation engineers. Here, too, the lessons learned are being compiled in a suitable form and made available.