Learning from each other: cooperation in climate policy
Title: Mexican-German Climate Change Alliance Phase III
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU)
Partner organisation: Secretariat of Environment and Natural Resources (SEMARNAT)
Lead executing Agency: Mexican Agency for International Development Cooperation (AMEXCID)
Overall term: 2019 to 2023
With the reform of Mexico’s climate legislation in 2018, the country also enshrined its national climate targets (Nationally Determined Contributions, NDCs) in law within the framework of the Paris Agreement. In the international arena, Mexico also declared its willingness to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 22 per cent (with international support by 36 per cent) by 2030 relative to the ‘business as usual’ scenario. In its efforts to adapt to climate change, too, Mexico is pursuing ambitious goals, which are set out in 21 specific measures. For example, the country aims to stop deforestation, meaning the (illegal) conversion of forest areas into other forms of land use. The number of cities and communities that are particularly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change is to decrease by at least 50 per cent. In addition, the installation of early warning systems is planned throughout the country.
However, there is a lack of efficient steering, planning and monitoring instruments. Mexico also needs robust funding and channels for climate finance. Human and financial resources are scarce, especially in the country’s various regions. Furthermore, implementation planning must be translated into actual implementation.
A close Mexican-German climate partnership enables Mexico to implement specific measures for achieving its NDCs. Mexico has reduced its volume of greenhouse gas emissions and is better adapted to the impacts of climate change.
The project supports the Mexican Secretariat of Environment with developing short-term and long-term planning instruments and establishing a transparency system for monitoring and continuously improving the achievement of its NDC targets. In addition, the project supports innovative financing mechanisms for specific measures. This also applies to innovations emerging from the private sector.
In the country’s regions the project is strengthening the capacity of stakeholder so that they are better able to put their contribution into practice. The project also promotes Mexican-German and international dialogue on NDC implementation and climate-friendly consumption, with a view to innovations generated by the private sector. This dialogue gives rise to (international) sharing of experience with Mexico while enabling relevant findings to be included in global discussions and climate negotiations. Finally, the project supports regular exchange and joint knowledge management with all IKI projects in Mexico.
The project has achieved results in a number of areas so far:
- It has supported the Mexican Government with updating the national climate change strategy.
- Representatives of different interest groups and managers from the financial sector have been trained to deal with climate risks in the sector in line with the recommendations of the Task Force on Climate-related Financial Disclosures (TCFD).
- In addition, a study on uniform methods for environmentally compatible financing in commercial banks was developed to support green investments. A webinar on ‘Green finance’ was conducted with EU representatives.
- In the area of climate change adaptation, a series of workshops was held with political partners to update the Mexican NDCs and take them to a more ambitious level.
- Government representatives in the federal state of Veracruz received capacity development support with the aim of developing long-term climate mitigation strategies.
- In the area of reduction, workshops in seven regions were organised with the aim of harmonising climate and mobility plans.
- Moreover, the project supported various federal states with establishing and implementing a transparency system.
- The project also prepared a study on recycling electronic equipment and developed an app that indicates the devices’ energy efficiency and recycling options at the time of purchase.
- Finally, the third IKI networking workshop was conducted to promote the sharing of mutual lessons learned and benefits and encourage dialogue among International Climate Initiative projects.