Mexican-German Climate Change Alliance

Project description

Title: Mexican-German Climate Change Alliance
Commissioned by: Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU)
Country: Mexico
Partner organisation: Secretariat of Environment and Natural Resources (SEMARNAT)
Overall term: 2010 to 2019

Mexico. © GIZ

Context

Germany and Mexico are among the world’s top nine emitters of greenhouse gases. While Germany has been able to gradually reduce its carbon dioxide emissions since 1990, emissions in Mexico have continued to rise, largely as a result of population and economic growth. However, as an emerging economy, Mexico has set itself ambitious targets, in line with those of industrialised countries such as Germany, aiming to independently reduce its predicted emissions by 22 per cent by 2030. Objective
Through a strengthened Mexican-German climate partnership, Mexico implements selected measures at national, state and municipal level under the climate change law and the climate action programme.

Approach

Mexico’s commitment to forward-thinking climate policy has enabled it to assume a pioneering role among non-industrialised countries. GIZ has been supporting its efforts for a number of years with good results. The global challenges presented by climate change call for effective policies, innovative projects and collective action throughout society. With this in mind, the Mexican-German Climate Alliance is working at all levels to further develop knowledge and skills across the country.

The Mexican Government’s most recent climate change programme sets out new targets and measures for adapting to climate change, reducing emissions of harmful greenhouse gases and promoting research and education. GIZ employs various instruments to assist the Mexican environment ministry (SEMARNAT) and other authorities in carrying out these activities. Federal states, municipalities, companies, associations and non-governmental organisations are also receiving support to increase their capacity to develop, implement and monitor climate action plans and instruments.

Furthermore, the Climate Change Alliance organises high-level dialogue events, expert workshops and delegations with the aim of promoting the exchange and dissemination of innovative and successful climate policy approaches among Mexican, German and other international stakeholders. This exchange strengthens networks and fosters cooperation and mutual learning.

Results achieved so far

With over 20 million people living in the Mexico City metropolitan area, heavy traffic congestion and air pollution are part of everyday life. The Alliance advised the megacity’s Metropolitan Environment Commission on setting up low-emission zones modelled on European examples. Representatives of the Environment Commission participated in pertinent discussions with experts from Germany, Italy and the USA. Subsequently, the cities of Cuernavaca and Toluca introduced their own low-emission zones.

The German state of Rhineland-Palatinate and the Mexican state of Aguascalientes are cooperating in the fields of renewable energy, energy efficiency and environmental technologies. In October 2014 a German political and economic delegation visited Mexico, and in January 2015 state representatives from Aguascalientes undertook a trip to Germany.

Decision-makers at municipal, state and ministry level have the task of identifying effective adaptation measures to address the various impacts of climate change. To this end, the Climate Change Alliance has developed a prioritisation method, which Mexico has already formally recommended and incorporated into the agreed minimum criteria for the country’s climate programmes at state level.

Since early 2016, the regulations of the National Emissions Registry have required the private sector to submit emissions reports. GIZ has assisted with the implementation of the Mexican communications strategy, for example by helping to prepare guidelines and training concepts, in order to ensure that private sector actors are fully aware of the aims and requirements of the registry. In several workshops, German experts, including representatives of the German Emissions Trading Authority (DEHSt), shared the experience gained with activities in Europe with staff of the Mexican authorities. Partly as a result of these efforts, Mexico is now considering the introduction of a national emissions trading scheme.