Training for experts in the sanitation sector

Project description

Title: Reforming technical and vocational education and training in Viet Nam – activity area ‘Training for experts in the sanitation sector’
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) 
Country: Socialist Republic of Viet Nam
Lead executing agency: Ministry of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs (MoLISA)
Overall term: 2010 to 2014 (2017)


Viet Nam is aiming to become an industrialised country by 2020, while following a path of ‘green’ growth. Vocational education is central to this aspiration, for the demand for skilled workers is increasing steadily as the economy continues to grow, new technical challenges emerge and the country pursues regional and international competitiveness. Although about 1.4 million people enter the labour market each year, there is a shortage of skilled workers and technicians with practical training. Only about 27% of workers currently have training that is relevant to the jobs they do, while just 15% have completed formal vocational training.

The Government of Viet Nam has therefore put vocational skills training and employment promotion at the heart of its development goals. By 2020, the proportion of trained workers should have risen to 55% from its current 30%. At the same time, vocational training should become more closely oriented to the needs of a green economy.


The substantive, HR, strategic and organisational conditions have been established at a selected training centre for the provision of needs-driven vocational training in the sanitation sector.


The project is developing occupational standards, training programmes and further training modules in the field of sanitation technology, and integrating them into the system of initial vocational training. It also coordinates and implements regulations for different forms of group work; and integrates communication structures involving the private sector, other relevant social partners, the vocational school and the responsible public officials.

Training is being provided for the pilot centre’s teaching staff and school managers as well as for representatives of relevant vocational training institutions. Using their improved, task-related qualifications, they then deliver employment-oriented vocational training for the sanitation sector.

In addition, public relations activities are being carried out for the pilot measures, including image campaigns and the production of information brochures and websites, all aimed at raising the societal acceptance of vocational training for the sanitation sector.

The consulting consortium GOPA-PLANCO was commissioned to implement ‘TVET for Skilled Workers in the Wastewater Sector’.