Establishment of a national competence centre for climate change mitigation and adaptation in Morocco (4C Maroc)
Title: Establishment of a national competence centre for climate change mitigation and adaptation in Morocco (4C Maroc)
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB) within the scope of the International Climate Initiative (IKI)
Lead executing agency: Ministry delegate to the Minister of Energy, Mining, Water and Environment, in charge of Environment
Overall term: 2013 to 2017
Due to its geographical situation, Morocco is very vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. Since signing the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in 1992, it has been committed to mitigating these impacts.
An initial national greenhouse gas inventory was completed in 1994, and Morocco’s national plan for combating global warming (PNRC) was presented in Copenhagen in 2009. The plan reflects the country’s intention to remain a ‘low-level’ emitter of greenhouse gases despite its rapid economic growth.
There is currently no formal climate change mitigation structure in place at either national or regional level. The climate competence centre is being set up to address this issue.
With the development of a climate competence centre, Morocco is in a better position to implement and further develop its national climate policy.
The project aims to define the roles and tasks of the climate competence centre at regional and national levels through consultations with the relevant partners. It is analysing the training needs of the different actors and providing the necessary training measures.
To enable Moroccan institutions to systematically assess, document and disseminate successful measures already in place, the project is sharing examples of good practice with them, and providing detailed information about methodologies, costs and results.
In addition, the project is developing instruments that will help establish a sustainable system of knowledge management in the field of greenhouse gases and adaptation to climate change. This includes:
- establishing a climate database
- developing vulnerability indicators
- identifying, processing and disseminating data and tools which can be used for training in the climate field (climate proofing, NAMAs)
- drawing up a list of contacts with responsibility for ensuring climate risks are taken into account in territorial and sector-based planning
- developing an information system to facilitate the systematic development of greenhouse gas inventories and therefore make it easier to draft the national report in line with the UNFCCC
- support for the elaboration of Morocco’s Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDC)
- creating and regularly updating a website for the climate competence centre.
At the international level, the project supports the climate policy dialogue with other countries of the Maghreb, as well as Germany and the European Union (EU). It also ensures that the private sector, the research community and civil society are included in that dialogue. A partnership agreement is to be signed with at least one comparable centre in Europe.
The 4C project supported the development of the Moroccan Climate Change Policy as well as of the national Green Investment Plan. It also contributed to the design of the structure of the Designated National Authority for the green climate fund and facilitated the accreditation of the Moroccan Agency for Agricultural Development.
The project assisted with the development of Morocco’s climate protection contributions as well as their revision. The INDCs were subsequently submitted to the UNFCCC Secretariat in September 2016. The project also contributed much to the creation of the national greenhouse gas inventory system, which attained official institutional status in October 2016.
The project has invested a lot in capacity building that targeted the public and private sector, banks, journalists, women's cooperatives and African partners. The training, which was adapted appropriately to meet their different needs, covered general information on climate change, as well as climate finance, development of national contributions, and the integration of adaptation measures into planning. Moreover, a number of self-study modules have been posted on the website of the competence centre.
Since the climate summit in Warsaw in 2013, the Moroccan delegation of climate negotiators has received ongoing support in the form of coaching and training to prepare them for further summits. In 2016, Morocco is set to host the latest of these: COP 22.
The 4C project has supported the COP 22 Steering Committee with capacity building and support for major events, such as informal negotiations and expert workshops on adaptation metrics and national contributions.
Two initiatives under the Moroccan presidency of COP 22 also receive support from the project:
- The ‘INCCCETT 4CB’ initiative to establish an international network of climate centres and think tanks for capacity development in the field of climate change, under the auspices of the COP 22 Scientific Committee
- The International Energy Efficiency Initiative (IIEE) under the auspices of the Moroccan agency for energy efficiency (AMEE)
The project accompanied the process of institutionalisation of 4C Maroc, which was formally established as a public interest group in October 2016. Its innovative structure unites the public and private sectors, civil society and research organisations in a single institution.
The website of 4C Maroc is now online. It contains databases of projects and experts, as well as key documents for the national climate change policy.