- SUSTAINABLE INFRASTRUCTURE
- SECURITY, RECONSTRUCTION AND PEACE
- SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
- GOVERNANCE AND DEMOCRACY
- ENVIRONMENT AND CLIMATE CHANGE
- ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND EMPLOYMENT
Kyrgyzstan is one of Germany’s partner countries in the context of its international cooperation. GIZ has been implementing projects in this former Soviet republic, mainly on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), since the early 1990s. Other parties that commission GIZ to carry out projects in Kyrgyzstan include the German Federal Foreign Office (AA), the Federal Ministry of the Interior (BMI) and the European Union.
GIZ has maintained an office in the Kyrgyz capital of Bishkek since 1992. GIZ currently has around 170 staff in Kyrgyzstan, including around 30 seconded staff working on various projects. In addition, CIM experts have been deployed with partner institutions, mainly in ministries and associations. A number of development workers have been placed in local and regional partner organisations, where they act in an advisory capacity.
GIZ is also implementing a number of projects in Central Asian countries on a regional and transnational basis, most of which are administered from Kyrgyzstan. In addition to managing our work in Kyrgyzstan, the office in Bishkek is also the regional office for Central Asia and coordinates activities in this region.
Kyrgyzstan is currently the only parliamentary republic in the region. However, major ethnic unrest in 2010 and ongoing problems with security, characterised by regional, ethnic and economic tensions as well as intergenerational conflicts, pose serious challenges to this young country.
More than a third of the population lives below the national poverty line. Besides political instability, various other factors have contributed to poverty in Kyrgyzstan: a cumbersome and underfunded administration, corruption, barriers to foreign trade, a weak domestic market, the disruption of former economic and trade relations, the large-scale collapse of industry and an increasingly dilapidated infrastructure since the demise of the Soviet Union.
Economic stabilisation, structural reforms and debt reduction are key objectives of Kyrgyzstan’s Country Development Strategy (CDS), which aims to reduce poverty nationwide. GIZ’s projects make a flanking contribution to sustainable economic development by promoting the private sector, supporting the abolition of trade barriers and providing advisory services for the microfinance and resource sectors.
Cooperation in the health system focuses on reproductive health and rights, the introduction of development partnerships with the private sector, and quality improvements in health services, particularly in the regions. GIZ’s programmes support health system development and the fight against drug use and drug trafficking.
GIZ’s other areas of activity in Kyrgyzstan are:
- improving primary and secondary education, reform of vocational training, training of managers
- legal and judicial reform
- transboundary dialogue on water resources management; support for sustainable natural resource management
- assisting the Ministry of Youth Affairs to improve the prospects for young people in disadvantaged and conflict-prone areas
- promoting civil society organisations through a fund for small-scale development projects
- support for the German minority.
In response to the unrest in 2010, GIZ is also implementing various projects in the south of the country within the framework of transitional development assistance.