- RURAL DEVELOPMENT
- SUSTAINABLE INFRASTRUCTURE
- SECURITY, RECONSTRUCTION AND PEACE
- SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
- GOVERNANCE AND DEMOCRACY
- ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND EMPLOYMENT
The Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH has supported Afghanistan’s reconstruction since 2002. Our work is mainly commissioned by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) and the Federal Foreign Office (AA). We also work for a number of international donors, including the World Bank and the Government of the Netherlands. We opened our office in Kabul in 2002.
In total, GIZ has around 70 seconded and more than 1,000 local staff (as at December 2017) working on around 30 projects in Afghanistan – more than in any other country. Projects are mainly carried out in six Northern provinces; some are conducted countrywide in cooperation with partner institutions. In addition, around 13 experts from Germany’s Centre for International Migration and Development (CIM) are deployed in key positions in Afghan ministries, government institutions and other organisations Our activities focus on improving living conditions for the population. Project appraisal missions are carried out regularly for project planning and evaluation.
Armed conflicts and ethnic tensions have dominated the situation in Afghanistan for more than 30 years, destroying the livelihoods of many Afghan people. One of the world's poorest nations, Afghanistan is a priority country for German and international development cooperation. The international community has supported civil reconstruction in Afghanistan since the Taliban regime fell in 2001. Germany’s main area of responsibility lies in the northern provinces of Kunduz, Takhar, Badakhshan, Baghlan, Balkh, and Samangan where the German Federal Armed Forces (Bundeswehr) assumed responsibility for operations of the training and advisory mission Resolute Support in Mazar-i-Sharif.
The success of the country's current reform efforts depends on establishing effective administrative structures and stable conditions for all sections of the population. Economic recovery, an efficient administrative framework at regional and national level, higher educational standards, a functioning infrastructure and respect for human rights, particularly the rights of women and girls, are key objectives for Afghanistan. Only once these issues are addressed will it be possible to overcome the obstacles to development which have affected the country for the past two decades. However, civil reconstruction is being made more difficult by the current security situation in several Afghan provinces.
In response to the country’s diverse problems, the German and Afghan governments have agreed to focus on the following priority areas:
- Urban development and local infrastructure (incl. Energy and Water)
- Good governance
- Sustainable economic development (incl. TVET)
- Other areas of cooperation (incl. Education, Security System, M&E and Communication)