Developing a dual VET system that promotes a green economy

Project description

Project title: Support to Vocational Education and Training (VET) in the field of Green Economy
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Co-funded by: Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC)
Country: Republic of Moldova
Partner: Chamber of Commerce and Industry of the Republic of Moldova
Lead executing agency: Ministerul Educației și Cercetării al Republicii Moldova Ministry of Education and Research of the Republic of Moldova
Overall term: 2019 to 2022

© GIZ /Victor Grigoriev


Since 2020, the Republic of Moldova (RM) has faced a triple crisis triggered by the Covid-19 pandemic. This includes agricultural drought, an extreme increase in energy prices, resulting in a decline of the gross domestic product (GDP) by 7 per cent. On top of that, the Ukraine invasion in spring 2022 has also majorly impacted the country’s economic growth.

Although youth unemployment is relatively low, the percentage of economically inactive youth is extremely high, at 61.7 per cent of people aged between 15 and 34. The rate of youth not in education, employment or training (NEET) of the total youth population (15 to 34 years old) reached 30.4 per cent in 2021.

The Moldovan Government began reforming vocational education and training (VET) to match labour market demands in 2014, including wider involvement of the private sector in shaping and governing VET.

The Parliament of the Republic of Moldova adopted the Law on Dual VET in April 2022 that defines relations between apprentices, VET institutions and training companies thus improving the country’s VET system.


The demand-oriented dual VET system to promote ecological, economic and social development in Moldova has improved.

© GIZ /Sergey Petkoglo


The project works with a wide array of relevant partners on the ground to identify common approaches to improve the framework for dual VET.

Its key areas of intervention are:

  • Enabling VET stakeholders, including the Chamber of Commerce and Industry, to fulfil their roles within the dual VET system.
  • Enhancing dual VET offers to match labour market needs.
  • Creating VET programmes focusing on green occupations and skills to support businesses in transitioning to the circular economy.
  • Reaching out to various target groups following the leave no one behind (LNOB) principle.
  • Supporting digitalisation of educational processes and enhancing digital skills to consolidate the dual VET system.

Last update: August 2022

Additional information