Energising development (EnDev) – programme for energy access
Title: Energising Development (EnDev) Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry of Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) Country: 25 countries; Africa: Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Rwanda, Senegal, Tanzania, Uganda, Asia: Bangladesh, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Nepal, Viet Nam; Latin America: Bolivia, Honduras, Nicaragua, Peru Lead executing agency: Energy ministries and other ministries responsible in the project countries such as the ministries of environment, development, agriculture, trade, infrastructure, regional administration and rural development Overall term: 2005 to 2021
More than one billion people worldwide have no access to electricity. Almost three billion people have to rely on wood, charcoal and plant residues for cooking and heating. Energy poverty has dramatic consequences for the quality of life, the environment, health, education and income opportunities of those affected. The goals of the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development cannot be achieved without access to sustainable energy.
By the end of 2021, 20 million people in partner countries will have sustainable access to a more energy-efficient, sustainable and reliable power supply.
EnDev focuses on the development of local markets for the dissemination of renewable energies and more efficient technologies for households, social institutions and companies. EnDev is currently active in 25 partner countries in Asia, Latin America and Africa. The focus is on the least developed countries and sub-Saharan Africa.
Six donors support the project. Along with the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) , the following are also involved: Directorate-General for International Cooperation (DGIS) at the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation (NORAD), the UK Department for International Development (DFID), Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC) and the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA).
EnDev is aligned with the national energy targets and strategies of the partner countries, such as:
strategic plans for energy, forestry, health, environment and climate;
The Sustainable Energy for All (SE4ALL) initiative of the United Nations, which aims to improve access to energy, increase energy efficiency and increase the share of renewable energies in the global energy mix;
Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) for reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
The programme also takes into account the activities of national stakeholders from politics, civil society and the private sector. It contributes to 13 of the 17 goals of the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
Solutions which EnDev promotes in the context of the country measures include solar systems from micro to medium-sized photovoltaic systems and solar thermal energy, connection to the national grid, small hydropower plants, biogas and energy-efficient cooking stoves. In addition to sustainable energy access and measurable impacts, EnDev also focuses on results orientation and competitiveness. The programme promotes measures that are particularly efficient. Competition within the programme allows funds to be distributed according to performance. Comprehensive monitoring serves as a transparent progress report and as a basis for decisions on fund distribution and strategic planning.
During the implementation of the projects in the partner countries, EnDev works closely with the private sector, non-governmental organisations and the scientific community. Among other things, the partners support the development of the local market, training of local experts as well as the dissemination of the promoted technologies.
By June 2018, around 20 million people in private households will have access to electricity or improved cooking energy. With the assistance provided by EnDev, 20,500 social institutions and 44,000 small and medium-sized enterprises also have sustainable access to a more energy-efficient, sustainable and reliable power supply. The programme has trained more than 40,500 stove producers, craftspeople and traders. The technologies supported by EnDev to date save more than 2 million tons of CO2 annually – which is equivalent to planting five billion trees.
Energy influences almost all aspects of social and economic development: business, education, gender equality, health and environment. EnDev has implemented impact studies in various country projects in addition to the usual monitoring since 2005. These confirm successful outcomes that can be attributed to the programme’s work:
freeing up working hours for productive activities such as education, farming, income-generating activities or household chores – for example by reducing the time people spend collecting firewood or by adding hours of electric light;
a better learning environment in educational institutions through improved lighting and the provision of computers;
more productivity and reduced workload, for example through the use of water pumps, electric mills, freezers and sewing machines;
reduced indoor air pollution and fewer respiratory diseases as a result of improved cooking stoves for three million people, including two million women and children;
fewer accidents caused by burns involving kerosene lamps;
better medical care through the electrification of health centres;
reduction of short-lived greenhouse gases and CO2 emissions;