Energising development (EnDev) – programme for energy access
Title: Energising Development (EnDev)
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry of Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Country: 26 countries; Africa: Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Rwanda, Senegal, Tanzania, Uganda; Asia: Bangladesh, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Nepal, Viet Nam; Latin America: Bolivia, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Peru
Lead executing agency: Energy ministries and other ministries responsible in the project countries such as the ministries of environment, development, agriculture, trade, infrastructure, regional administration and rural development
Overall term: 2005 to 2019
Over one billion people worldwide have no access to electricity. Almost three billion people depend on wood, charcoal and plant residues for cooking and heating. Such energy poverty has a dramatic impact on the quality of life, environment, health, education and income opportunities of those affected. Without access to sustainable energy, it will not be possible to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) established by the UN’s 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The energy partnership Energising Development (EnDev) contributes to 13 of the 17 SDGs.
The programme commenced its activities in 2005 and was funded initially by Germany and the Netherlands. It far exceeded its original target of creating access to electricity for more than three million people by 2009, reaching over five million in that period. EnDev was therefore extended, first until 2014, subsequently until 2019. EnDev’s contribution to a wide range of development objectives made it attractive to new donors. Six donors currently support the programme.
By the end of 2019, some 19 million people in the partner countries have gained sustainable access to modern energy services.
EnDev focuses on the development of energy markets to foster the diffusion of renewable energies and more efficient technologies for households, social institutions and businesses. EnDev is currently implemented in 26 partner countries in Asia, Latin America and Africa. Priority is placed on the least developed countries and sub-Saharan Africa.
The programme is supported by six donors. In addition to the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) these are the Directorate-General for International Cooperation at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands (DGIS), the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA), the UK Department for International Development (DFID), the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC) and the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA).
EnDev is aligned with the national energy goals and strategies pursued by the partner countries, including:
- master and strategic planning for energy, forestry, health, environment and climate;
- the Sustainable Energy for All (SE4All) initiative of the United Nations, the objectives of which are to improve access to energy services, increase energy efficiency and double the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix;
- Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) to the reduction of greenhouse gases.
In addition, the programme takes into account the activities of national stakeholders from politics, civil society and the private sector.
Systemic solutions promoted by EnDev in the context of country measures include solar systems, such as photovoltaics, Pico PV systems and solar thermal energy, grid densification, micro-hydropower plants, energy-efficient stoves and biogas. EnDev focuses not only on the sustainability aspect of energy access and its impacts, but also on results orientation and competitiveness. The programme encourages measures that are particularly efficient. Competition allows for allocation of funds commensurate with performance. The results-based approach is coupled with a detailed and transparent monitoring process.
In carrying out its projects in the partner countries, EnDev cooperates closely with non-governmental organisations and the scientific community. These partners are involved in awareness-raising campaigns and the marketing of promoted technologies, among other activities.
By March 2016, 15.5 million people in private households had gained access to electricity or improved energy for cooking. In addition, EnDev has helped 17,800 social institutions and 34,000 small and medium-sized enterprises obtain sustainable access to modern energy services. The programme has trained over 35,000 stove manufacturers, craftspeople and traders. Today, stove producers and solar companies generate a total monthly turnover of 6.2 million euros with products supported by EnDev.
Energy has an impact on virtually all aspects of social and economic development: business, education, gender equality, health and the environment. In addition to the usual monitoring process, EnDev has carried out impact studies in various country projects since 2005. These confirm successful outcomes that can be attributed to the programme’s work:
- creation of additional time that can be used for productive activities such as education, farming, income generation and housework – for instance by extending working hours with electric light or by reducing the time spent collecting firewood;
- improved learning conditions in educational institutions through the provision of lighting and computers;
- increased productivity and lower workloads due to the use of water pumps, electric mills, refrigerators and sewing machines;
- less indoor air pollution and fewer respiratory diseases as a result of improved cooking stoves for three million people, two million of them women and children;
- fewer accidents caused by burns involving kerosene lamps;
- improved medical services thanks to the electrification of health care facilities;
- reduction of short-lived greenhouse gases and CO2 emissions;
- around 10,000 permanent new jobs.