Promotion of Climate-Friendly Cooking: Kenya and Senegal

Project description

Title: Promotion of Climate-Friendly Cooking: Kenya and Senegal
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Financier: Green Climate Fund (GCF), BMZ, and various project partners including Kenyan ministries and Senegalese ministries
Country: Kenya and Senegal
Lead executing agency: Kenya: Ministry of Energy, Netherlands Development Organisation (SNV), Senegal: ENDA Energie, Enda ECOPOP, CONCEPT
Overall term: 2020 to 2024

Context

Traditional biomass represents approximately 15 per cent of total global energy use and helps meeting the cooking needs of approximately 2.5 billion people. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) estimated that replacing traditional open fires with improved cookstoves (ICS) has a global mitigation potential between 0.6 and 2.4 giga tonnes of CO2 equivalent per year, while delivering a wide range of sustainable development benefits. 

Objective

The project is accelerating the growth of the ICS sector with an irreversible market transformation that will significantly increase the level of ICS production and sales, particularly in more remote and rural locations, thereby enabling the two project countries, Kenya and Senegal, to significantly advance the achievement of their stated Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) goals.

Approach

Starting in Kenya and Senegal, the project aims to demonstrate an innovative ICS market transformation strategy and thereby improving global knowledge about ICS sector contribution to NDCs. It will significantly increase the number of ICS users amongst rural and most vulnerable populations in both countries, directly benefitting 11.23 million people and 1.91 million mainly rural households, including 610,000 women-headed households and 5.57 million children. 

The project will significantly limit consumption of non-renewable biomass in the cooking sector compared to the baseline situation. This will lead to greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reductions of 6.47 Mega tonnes of CO2 equivalent during the project period and to an additional reduction of 24.77 Mega tonnes of CO2 equivalent until 2030. It will enable Senegal and Kenya to reach their stated NDC targets for GHG emissions in the energy sector. 

This project, co-financed by the Green Climate Fund (GCF), the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), Kenya’s Ministry of Energy and Ministry of Health, and Senegal’s Ministry of Petroleum and Energy and Ministry of the Environment and Sustainable Development, will transform the sector from one which is dominated by a number of small, artisanal, under-capitalised, and informal ICS producers into a much stronger economic sector with a sufficient technological basis and business management capacities, access to commercial capital and the ability to deliver better quality products to a bigger number of consumers, in particular in remote rural areas. 

The project operates in the ICS market development by a) professionalising the ICS production, expanding the distribution and retail chains and facilitating access to market-based finance (supply side activities) and b) by raising consumer awareness and creating an enabling market environment (demand side activities). 

The project consists of two national-level outputs and one global output: 
Output 1: Accelerated market development for climate-friendly cookstoves in Kenya
Output 2: Accelerated market development for climate-friendly cookstoves in Senegal
Output 3: Sharing and replication of knowledge on climate-friendly cooking solutions and their contribution to NDC among relevant countries

Kenya firewood stove by GIZ

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