Peace and security, disaster risk management
Project title: Sector Programme Peace and Security, Disaster Risk Management
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Lead executing agency: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Overall term: 2017 to 2020
Roughly 65 per cent of the countries with which the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) is cooperating are affected by conflict, violence and fragility. This has adverse effects on the development prospects of these countries, whose numbers are rising. Extreme natural events also pose a growing development challenge for many cooperation countries and have been wreaking havoc on an increasing scale around the globe for years. Effective strategies for dealing with fragile states, building peace and managing the impacts of extreme natural events are thus key issues on the national and international development policy agenda. The strategy paper Development for Peace and Security and the guide Disaster Risk Management – Approach and Contributions of German Development Cooperation constitute important foundations for BMZ’s work.
German development cooperation organisations have contributed to setting the national and international agenda in the fields of peace, security and disaster risk management.
The project primarily advises the BMZ Peace and Security, Disaster Risk Management Division on the further development of approaches to peacebuilding and disaster risk management. These approaches are designed to be shared and put into practice with BMZ’s partners in the cooperation countries. The project team works on such issues as the interface between peacebuilding and displacement, dealing with organised crime and disaster risk management in fragile states.
Together with BMZ, the project team develops proposals on how the Ministry can position German development policy approaches and valuable lessons and experience with regard to violence prevention, peacebuilding and disaster risk management on the international stage, for example in the OECD Development Assistance Committee, at the World Bank and at multilateral conferences such as the World Humanitarian Summit. The 17 Sustainable Development Goals of the United Nations 2030 Agenda play an increasingly important role in this process. BMZ aims to help make these goals a reality through its work.
In order to strengthen the conflict-sensitive and peacebuilding focus of development cooperation in fragile states, the project is in contact with the responsible country officers, the BMZ advisors at the German embassies on the ground and in some cases with other ministries, on behalf of the aforementioned BMZ division. These activities entail a detailed analysis of the current situation in the country concerned and specific recommendations for the country portfolio and country strategies.
The project team organises and conducts informational events and training sessions on fragility, peace, security and disaster risk management for the staff of BMZ, implementing organisations and other ministries, including the German Federal Foreign Office.
Key cooperation partners for the project are the BMZ regional divisions, the Center for International Peace Operations (ZIF), international organisations such as the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and the World Bank’s Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR), in addition to networks like the Global Initiative against Transnational Organized Crime.
In the course of the predecessor project, Germany was able to position its views and understanding of development policy at the first World Humanitarian Summit, in Istanbul in 2016. Issues such as the prioritising of crisis prevention to effect a lasting reduction in humanitarian emergencies, the greater dovetailing of humanitarian aid and longer-term development cooperation, and the importance of linking fragile statehood and extreme natural events in order to prevent disasters were introduced into the debates.
BMZ has also contributed to the strategic orientation of the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR). Here, it was able to establish a new priority area by addressing the link between natural hazards and fragility.
Thanks to the project’s advisory services, BMZ’s regional desk officers have shaped the portfolio of German development cooperation and the respective country strategies in a more conflict-sensitive and peacebuilding manner in 12 countries. The project team has carried out awareness-raising measures for more than 80 individuals on peacebuilding, security and disaster risk management within the scope of the Federal Foreign Office’s attaché course and training on civil-military cooperation between the Federal Foreign Office, BMZ, the Federal Ministry of Defence (BMVG) and the Federal Ministry of the Interior (BMI).
The project team has also helped to influence development policy approaches to transnational organised crime in international forums such as the Development Dialogue series. Its focus was on highlighting the connections between fragility, conflict, security, displacement, violence and the Sustainable Development Goals of the 2030 Agenda. The project team has presented these interconnections to international donors and the United Nations in working groups, conferences and meetings.