Promoting bus systems in Indonesian cities

Project description

Project title: Indonesian bus rapid transit corridor development project (INDOBUS)
Commissioned by: Swiss State Secretariat for Economic Affairs (SECO)
Country: Indonesia
Lead executing agency: Kementerian Perhubungan Republik Indonesia (Ministry of Transportation)
Overall term: 2016 – 2020

Bus stop in Indonesia with raised kerb – a transitional form. Photo: Dino Teddyputra GIZ


Over half of all Indonesians already lived in cities by 2010, and the number is increasing all the time. Urbanisation brings with it growing motorisation, which puts intense pressure on medium-sized and major cities. Consequences include air pollution, land consumption, traffic congestion and noise – and not just in megacities such as Jakarta, but also in cities with around 200,000 inhabitants that are classified as medium-sized. Unless action is taken now, traffic will have an increasingly negative impact. So far, there have been almost no reliable alternatives to private motorised transport. Bus rapid transit (BRT) systems, which use improved infrastructure and scheduling in an attempt to provide a better service than regular bus routes, have so far been few and far between.

National and local transport policy and transport administration suffer from an unclear legal situation and a weak institutional environment, particularly at district and city level. As a result of Indonesia’s decentralisation process that began in 1999, responsibility for urban transport infrastructure has been transferred to the country’s cities. There are not as yet any regulated structures in place in Indonesia providing local governments with technical and financial support to help them develop and launch sustainable transport systems. District and city governments often lack the expertise to come up with ideas for projects in this area, and are unable either to propose reliably sustainable urban transport projects or to secure available funds from national budgets.


The first BRT corridors are built into transport structures in selected Indonesian cities. They provide the basis for integrated urban transport systems, improve residents’ quality of life and reduce urban congestion.

Traffic jam full mainly of private motorised vehicles. Photo: Armin Wagner, GIZ


This project aims to launch bus rapid transport corridors in Indonesia. It is financed by the Swiss State Secretariat for Economic Affairs (SECO) and closely aligned with the Sustainable Urban Transport Programme (SUTRI NAMA) in Indonesia.

Activities are concentrated in five pilot cities. The project is helping traffic planning authorities in these cities to set up a continuous local transport system. Examples of measures include creating bus lanes separated from other traffic. The project is advising the Ministry of National Development Planning (BAPPENAS) and provincial and city authorities on devising an urban transport strategy that focuses in particular on BRT systems. It is supporting the management and control of BRT systems in the five pilot cities. Specialist staff in national authorities, the Ministry of Transportation and BAPPENAS are providing training for the project team in areas such as traffic simulation.

A separate bus lane lets buses travel straight through congested traffic. Photo: Daniel Bongart, GIZ

The project is working closely with BAPPENAS and the Ministry of Transportation to support particularly successful flagship projects in the pilot cities. These projects will later be replicated in other Indonesian cities.