Promoting Sustainable Urban Transport in Indonesia (SUTRI NAMA)

Project description

Programme title: Sustainable Urban Transport Programme Indonesia (SUTRI NAMA)
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conserva-tion, and Nuclear Safety (BMU) and Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy of United Kingdom (BEIS) through NAMA Facility
Country: Indonesia
Lead executing agency: Kementerian Perhubungan (Ministry of Transportation)
Overall term: 2017 to 2022

Heavy traffic during peak hours in Sudirman area, Jakarta’s major commercial and business district


Soaring motorisation and urbanisation exacerbate existing urban problems such as traffic congestion and air pollution. This results in widespread health problems, potential economic loss, and a decline in the quality of life in Indonesian cities. With the rapid growth of the urban population, local governments in Indonesia are expected to provide adequate public transport. However, cities face challenges in the areas of institutional capacity, policy direction, and access to financial resources that will allow them to develop a sustainable urban transport system.

In November 2016, the Government of Indonesia (GoI) submitted its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) and pledged to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 29 per cent by 2030. With international support, this could rise to 41 per cent, and efforts to this end include the transport sector as part of the broader energy sector. The transport sector in Indonesia is the third-largest source of GHG emissions (23 per cent of national emissions, which equals 141 million metric tonnes of CO2 equivalent (Mt CO2e) in 2014), as part of the broader energy sector. Land transport represents 89 per cent of all GHG emissions and 91 per cent of energy consumption in this sector. 


Indonesian cities are enabled to develop sustainable transport policies and implement infrastructure projects. They receive support through national urban transport policy and governmental funding.

SUTRI NAMA consultant surveyed road traffic in one of the main streets in Pekanbaru


SUTRI NAMA supports the development of sustainable urban transport policy at national level, which should define the quality standards for the design and implementation of public transport and transport demand management projects. The programme uses a combination of top down and bottom up approaches that include the following:

  • Upscaling: documenting success factors and lessons learned in public transport and transport demand management that have been implemented. These results are developed further into guidelines for national urban transport policy development.
  • Leveraging: promoting collaboration among various stakeholders to maximise emission reductions.
  • Replication: disseminating and replicating best practices and finalised policies in other Indonesian cities.

These measures are provided additional support by the development of a technical assistance component that is funded by the State Secretariat for Economic Affairs of Switzerland (SECO). This is known as the Indonesian Bus Rapid Transit Corridor Development Project (INDOBUS), and it has been added to the line-up of SUTRI NAMA measures. INDOBUS aims to provide technical advice on the development and implementation of the Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) system in Indonesian cities to bring it into line with international standards. The ultimate aim of this is to give the range of planned measures for the transport sector even greater impact.

Transport authority officials assist passengers in getting to the BRT stops

Last update: February 2021

Additional information