Fish for Nutrition
Title: Improving Food and Nutrition Security of Vulnerable Population in Kismayo through Access to Fishery Products
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Lead executing agency: Ministry of Planning and International Affairs
Overall term: 2017 to 2021
Somalia has the longest coastline of any country in Africa, stretching for more than 3,330 km. Despite an abundance of marine resources, however, it has one of the world’s lowest per capita rates of fish consumption. Although no sophisticated fishing techniques are required to achieve good catches of tuna, mackerel, lobsters or shrimps, Somalis are traditionally unaccustomed to fishing or eating fish. This is particularly surprising as Somalia is one of the most food insecure countries in the world, and fish would be relatively easy to access for many. Other challenges which exacerbate the situation include a lack of market outlets and extensive post-catch losses due to poor handling and the lack of a cold-chain. Moreover, a lack of policies, regulations and surveillance have resulted in high levels of illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing activity, which cause serious economic losses and further reduce the availability of fish to local people.
Better access to fishery products has improved the food and nutrition security of returning refugees, internally displaced persons and vulnerable residents in Kismayo.
In an integrated approach, all the project’s measures address internally displaced people in Somalia and refugees returning from Yemen and Kenya, as well as the vulnerable host communities, without discrimination.
The project pursues a threefold strategy that is in line with government policies. Firstly, it uses media campaigns and complementary activities to raise awareness about the benefits of eating fish. It then supports technology transfer and capacity development measures that increase the availability of fish products by improving processing, preserving and marketing activities. And thirdly, it is working to restore social and productive infrastructure. This includes the expansion of basic health care facilities, enabling them to provide nutrition counselling, and the rehabilitation of general markets with sales outlets for fish products.
To carry out these activities, GIZ is cooperating with local and international organisations as well as governmental institutions.