Migration for Development programme

Project description

Title: Migration for Development programme
Commissioned by: Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Countries: Global programme; currently 13 active partner countries: Af-ghanistan, Albania, Egypt, the Gambia, Ghana, Iraq, Kosovo, Morocco, Nigeria, Pakistan, Senegal, Serbia and Tunisia
Lead executing agency: Local employment agencies such as the Moroccan employment agency ANAPEC or the Tunisian employment agency ANETI.
Overall term: 2017 to 2020

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Context

More and more people all over the world are leaving their homes. At the end of 2018, the number of people fleeing from war, conflicts or persecution was more than 70 million. In addition to crises and conflicts, there are also other reasons for people to leave their home countries. For example, they see no prospects for themselves or their families in their countries of origin and often feel that migration is their only option. Most would actually prefer to stay in their home country or return later and start over again. All of these individuals need advice about the opportunities in their countries of origin and sup-port with reintegration. Up to now, adequate information regarding the return and reintegration of dis-placed persons from Germany and advice for local people wishing to migrate has not been supported sufficiently. 
The programme has been creating better opportunities for a fresh start for these people in selected countries of origin since the beginning of 2017. On behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Econom-ic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), the programme is assisting with their return and reintegration. The Migration for Development programme is part of BMZ’s Returning to New Opportunities pro-gramme.

Objective

The prospects for economic and social participation in selected countries of origin are improved for returning migrants, the local population and internally displaced persons.

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Approach

Assistance available in Germany: 

The programme focuses on individual advice – from preparation in Germany to a new start in the country of origin. In order to provide those interested in returning with the appropriate information while they are still in Germany, all the essential information on advisory ser-vices and prospects in the countries of origin can be found on the Startfinder website and is tailored to the specific target group. 

The programme is also working closely with towns and communities in Germany. It supports services provided by charities and social agencies that offer training courses or advice on returning. Coaching sessions can make it easier to enter the world of work or take up further vocational training in their country of origin, for example. 

In selected municipalities and at church and social agencies such as Caritas or the German Workers’ Welfare Association (AWO), reintegration scouts provide a link between returnee advice in Germany and existing services in the countries of origin. The reintegration scouts support the advice centres by establishing contacts in each country and by providing information on employment prospects and local support services, such as guidance on starting up a business or vocational education and training.

In cooperation with private sector organisations, including the Chamber of Engineers in Stuttgart, the German Adult Education Association, the non-profit organisation Social Impact and the social start-up Kiron Open Higher Education, GIZ also offers returnees the oppor-tunity to participate in courses to gain professional qualifications. They include courses for civil engineers and various skilled trades, business start-up training, foreign language and IT courses, and online degree programmes.

A successful fresh start in the country of origin: 

A successful return therefore begins in Germany and is supported with services in the country of origin. To support people during reintegration, the programme is working together with national partners to operate advisory centres for jobs, migration and reintegration. There are currently centres in Albania, Ghana, Iraq, Kosovo, Morocco, Nigeria, Senegal, Serbia and Tunisia. Advisory services are offered in Afghanistan in cooperation with the International Organization for Migration (IOM). Advisory centres in Egypt and Pakistan are currently being planned. 

The advisory centres offer individual advice and information on training and employment options, organise job and career fairs, hold information events, and offer job application training. As well as providing advice, the programme offers a range of courses, vocational training measures and psychosocial support services that enable interested parties to improve their chances on the labour market. People who opt for self-employment can benefit from training and support for starting up a business. 

The programme is operating the advisory centres together with the respective national labour administration authorities and employment agencies. Moreover, they are working in close collaboration with various other projects that GIZ is implementing for the German Govern-ment, with civil society, with the private sector, with international organisations and with local institutions. They are taking a broad advisory approach, focusing not only on those returning from Germany or third countries, but also on internally displaced persons and the local population, allowing them to obtain advice on employment opportunities in the country concerned, on the requirements for regular migration and on the risks of irregular migration. 
 

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Results

Since the programme was launched, around 53,300 advisory sessions have already been held in the advice centres for jobs, migration and reintegration. In addition, together with other measures in the Returning to New Opportunities programme, more than 160,000 edu-cation and qualification measures have been implemented. Around 5,000 of these were measures for reintegrating those returning from Germany. 
With the support of the Returning to New Opportunities programme, more than 102,000 people have found work or received assistance in starting up their own businesses. 

In total, the programme has created prospects for around 404,800 people.

Further Information