Programme "Migration for Development"

Project description

Title: Programme "Migration for Development"
Commissioned by: Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Countries: Global programme; currently 13 active partner countries: Afghanistan, Albania, Egypt, the Gambia, Ghana, Iraq, Kosovo, Morocco, Nigeria, Pakistan, Senegal, Serbia and Tunisia
Lead executing agency: Local employment agencies such as the Moroccan employment agency ANAPEC or the Tunisian employment agency ANETI.
Overall term: 2017 to 2020

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Context

More and more people all over the world are quitting their homes:  Mostly, crises and conflicts are responsible for people leaving their home countries but there are also other reasons. For example, they see no prospects for themselves or their families in their countries of origin and often feel that migration is their only option. Most would actually prefer to stay in their home country or return later and start over again. All of these individuals need advice about the opportunities in their countries of origin, support in finding economic prospects and with reintegration.

The programme has been creating advisory services and economic prospects for these people in selected countries of origin since the beginning of 2017. On behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), the programme “Migration for Development” is supporting the local population and assists returnees with their social and economic reintegration. It is part of BMZ’s ‘Returning to New Opportunities’ programme.

Objective

The prospects for economic and social participation in selected countries of origin are improved for the local population and returning migrants.

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Approach

Assistance available in Germany: 

The programme focuses on individual advice. Persons who are interested in returning to their country of origin, receive support, from preparation in Germany to a new start back home. The website Startfinder provides all the essential information on advisory services and individual support measures in the countries of origin, on available reintegration measures and is tailored to the specific target group. 

The programme is also working closely with towns and communities in Germany. It supports services provided by charities and social agencies that offer training courses or advice on reintegration. Coaching sessions can make it easier to enter the world of work or take up further vocational training in the countries of origin, for example. 
In selected municipalities and at church and social agencies so-called reintegration scouts provide a link between return advice in Germany and existing services in the countries of origin. The reintegration scouts support the advice centres by establishing contacts in each country and by providing information on employment prospects and local support services, such as guidance on starting up a business or vocational education and training.

In cooperation with private sector organisations GIZ also offers returnees the opportunity to participate in courses to gain professional qualifications. They include courses for civil engineers and various skilled trades, business start-up training, foreign language and IT courses.

A successful fresh start in the country of origin: 

Not only people who return to their countries of origin need support. There are many people within the local population who seek for prospects on site, too, and often think about migrating. To support all these people, the programme is working together with national partners to operate Advice Centres for Jobs, Migration and Reintegration. There are currently centres in Albania, Ghana, Iraq, Kosovo, Morocco, Nigeria, Senegal, Serbia and Tunisia. Advisory services are offered in Afghanistan in cooperation with the International Organization for Migration (IOM). Advisory centres in Egypt, The Gambia and Pakistan are currently being planned. 

The advisory centres offer individual advice and information on training, employment and reintegration options, organise job and career fairs, hold information events, and offer job application training. As well as providing advice, the programme offers a range of courses, vocational training measures and psychosocial support services that enable interested parties to improve their chances on the labour market. People who opt for self-employment can benefit from training and support for starting up a business. 

The programme is operating the advisory centres in cooperation with the respective national labour administration authorities and employment agencies. Together with approximately 25 regional or bilateral programmes of GIZ, they implement the programme “Returning to New Opportunities” on site and therefore collaborate closely with civil society, with the private sector, with international organisations and with local institutions. They are taking a broad advisory approach, focusing on all people on site: local population, returnees from Germany or third countries, and internally displaced persons, allowing them to obtain advice on employment opportunities in the country concerned.

 

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Results

  • Since the programme was launched, around 83,400 advisory sessions have already been held in the advice centres for jobs, migration and reintegration. In addition, together with other measures of ‘Returning to New Opportunities’ more than 280,700 education and qualification measures have been implemented. Among them were around 7,900 measures for reintegrating those returning from Germany. 
  • With the support of ‘Returning to New Opportunities’, more than 212,400 people have found work or received assistance in starting up their own businesses. 
  • In total, the programme has provided individual support measures for around 722,400 people. 

As at: July 2020

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