Allowing people to start over successfully in their country of origin
Title: Programme ‘Migration for Development’ (PME) Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) Countries: Global project; currently in operation in these countries: Albania, Egypt, The Gambia, Ghana, Iraq, Kosovo, Morocco, Nigeria, Pakistan, Senegal, Serbia, Tunisia Lead executing agency: National partner organisations, including ministries, labour administration and employment agencies, and advisory centres/branch offices for reintegration and return Overall term: 2017 to 2023
More and more people all over the world are leaving their homes. At the end of 2018, the number of people fleeing from war, conflicts or persecution was more than 70 million. In addition to crises and conflicts, there are also other reasons for people to leave their home countries. For example, they see no prospects there for themselves and their families and often feel that migration is their only option.
Many people would prefer to stay in their home country or return later and start over again. To do this, they need advice about the opportunities in their countries of origin and support with reintegration. Up to now, however, the information for displaced people in Germany regarding their return and reintegration and advice once they return to their countries of origin has not been supported sufficiently.
The project has been creating better opportunities for a fresh start in selected countries of origin since the beginning of 2017. On behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), it supports anyone wishing to obtain information about the opportunities in their home countries. The project is part of the BMZ Returning to New Opportunities programme.
The prospects for economic and social participation in selected countries of origin for returning migrants, for the local population and for internally displaced people have improved.
The programme supports professional training in Germany, along with advice on returning, and makes it easier for returnees to start over in their countries of origin.
Assistance available in Germany:
The focus is on individual advice regarding social and professional prospects – from preparation in Germany to a fresh start in the country of origin. The programme provides returnees with vocational training measures in Germany and, to this end, works in collaboration with selected executing organisations – including the Kreishandwerkerschaft Duisburg (Duisburg skilled trades guild) and the Gastronomisches Bildungszentrum Koblenz (Koblenz catering training centre). Their courses include business start-up training, foreign languages and IT, and online degree programmes.
‘Reintegration scouts’ inform returnee advice centres in Germany about existing support in the countries of origin. The programme thus forms a link between advisory services for returnees in Germany and reintegration in their home country. The Startfinder website serves as a first point of contact and bundles the relevant information for returnee advisors and those interested in returning home.
A successful fresh start in the country of origin:
The programme operates advisory centres for jobs, migration and reintegration in the countries of origin together with national partner institutions. There are currently centres in Albania, Egypt, Ghana, Iraq, Kosovo, Morocco, Nigeria, Pakistan, Senegal, Serbia and Tunisia. An advisory centre in The Gambia is planned.
The centres are aimed not only at returnees from Germany and third countries, but also at internally displaced persons and the local population. They offer individual advice on the social and professional prospects in the country concerned and provide interested parties with training courses, vocational skills development and psychosocial support services, with which they can improve their opportunities on the labour market.
The advisory centres work closely together with other German development cooperation projects, civil society, the private sector, international organisations and local institutions.
Since the programme was launched, more than 124,300 advisory sessions have already been held in the advisory centres.
Together with other measures, it has implemented about 365,700 educational and training measures, including more than 11,000 reintegration measures for returnees from Germany.
More than 185,800 people could be placed in jobs or become self-employed through the support of "Perspektive Heimat". In addition, almost 99,400 measures for business start-ups have already been offered.
In total, the programme has provided more than 972,900 individual support measures.