Efficient, effective and sustainable transport systems
Project/programme title: NAMA Support Project (TRANSPerú)
Commissioned by: Bundesministerium für Umwelt, Naturschutz, Bau und Reaktorsicherheit (BMUB); UK Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy (BEIS)
Lead executing agency: Ministerium für Verkehr und Kommunikation
Overall term: 2016 bis 2019
Peru’s transport sector is responsible for some 40 per cent of its energy-related greenhouse gas emissions. If action is not taken to reduce these emissions, they are likely to increase by 200 per cent by 2050 due primarily to rising traffic volumes and the spread of urbanisation. Driving is becoming increasingly popular in Lima and Callao because the public transport system is poorly organised. These two factors are leading to more cars on the roads, longer and longer traffic jams and a high level of pollution. In addition, vehicles in Peru are old models running on fuel that does not meet the requisite quality standards.
To counter the trend of rising CO2 emissions, the Peruvian Government, led by its Ministry of Transport, is developing TRANSPerú – Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMA): over 70 measures designed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the transport sector. The NAMA facility, financed by the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB) and the UK Department of Energy & Climate Change (DECC), is supporting these actions as part of the NAMA Support Project (NSP).
Pioneering structural changes contribute towards sustainable, efficient and low-emission urban transport in Lima and Callao.
The NAMA Support Project (TRANSPerú) implemented by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH supports the Peruvian Ministry of Transport in creating structures to establish an efficient local public transport system. This includes adapting legal and institutional frameworks and improving selected processes, including transport planning and emission monitoring (‘measurable, reportable and verifiable’ [MRV]).
Five working groups form the core of the new implementing structure, the multi-sector committee. They are made up of relevant actors from the Peruvian Government and representatives from the private sector and non-governmental organisations. Their work covers:
- Institutional development to improve the management of local urban transport and introduce an integrated local public transport system
- Non-motorised transport
- Fleet modernisation
- Improving air quality and emission monitoring (MRV)
- Implementing a national scheme to help local governments promote sustainable transport
The project makes use of existing networks and experience, boosts knowledge transfer and collaborates with other schemes and partners in Peru and abroad.
Application of the national scrappage scheme for a total of 3,500 estate cars and (mini)buses has reduced CO2 emissions in Lima and Callao by 60,000 tonnes of CO2 per year.
Line 1 of the Lima Metro has been consolidated with the purchase of 20 new trains and 39 carriages. Use of these new train sets enables some 110,000 tonnes of CO2 to be saved every year.
MTC has devised a concept for an urban transport authority (Autoridad de Transporte Unica – ATU). The medium-term aim is to develop an integrated transport system for Lima and Callao. Peru’s president presented the draft concept to Congress in July 2017.