Implementing the National Policy for solid waste treatment
Title: Support to the implementation of the National Policy for Solid Waste considering climate-protection (ProteGEEr)
Commissioned by: Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU)
Lead executing agency: Ministry of Regional Development (MDR) and Ministry of the Environment (MMA)
Overall term: 2017 to 2021
In 2010, Brazil adopted a forward-looking waste management policy, which so far has only partially been implemented. Greenhouse gas (ghg) emissions in the waste sector are still rising. CO2 reduction targets for the waste sector are not yet defined for the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) of the Paris Agreement.
In the process of implementing solid waste management plans, municipalities still face technical challenges. In order to access subsidised funds, such as the caixa fund, which provides money for waste treatment, technical knowledge and strategic planning are needed; reference projects are helpful to municipalities in the process of implementing waste management measures.
A new version of the national solid waste management plan is likely to be issued in December 2019. This would create opportunities to align it with the National Plan on Climate Change and seize the waste sector’s potential for climate change mitigation.
The Brazilian waste sector provides a tangible contribution to ghg emissions reduction targets and consequently to climate change mitigation. In the short term, the objective is to implement efficient waste treatment options, which also will improve the quality of life of Brazilian citizens. The long term objective is climate change mitigation.
The project advises ministries on integrating climate-related criteria (potential for mitigation) into rules and regulations for the waste sector. To do so, methods of calculating ghg emissions from municipal solid waste are being reviewed and amended to reflect the Brazilian context. Technologies to minimise ghg emissions will be supported, and recycling will be promoted.
At municipal level, local government and private sector officials are trained in planning and implementing an effective and climate-neutral waste management. The project promotes the use of new decision-making tools in 43 municipalities – being part of six pilot projects – to train local authorities and businesses in the selection of technologies and methods.
In collaboration with six national universities and one research centre, the project develops curricula for postgraduate studies on sustainable waste management and climate change mitigation. Moreover, the project supports applied research projects and dialogue between German and Brazilian research institutions.
- Development of lectures and training units related to climate change mitigation in the waste sector.
- Contribution to the revision of the Planares diagnosis (National Solid Waste Plan/MMA).
- Support in the revision of Plansab, the National Plan of Basic Sanitation of the Ministry of Regional Development (MDR). Four dossiers have been created.
- Strengthening of the viability of the public-private partnership model for municipal solid waste, via the fep fund.
- Creation of a waste laboratory in the Brazilian state of Ceará. For this purpose, a cooperation agreement was signed with state research institute Nutec (Ceará Industrial Technology Nucleus Foundation).
- Support to five national universities with applying for print funds, which provide access to additional money that indirectly benefits climate change mitigation.
- Availability of preliminary results from the interministerial working group on data systematisation: the variables of the databases of MDR needed to be adapted to be able to be used as an official database for calculating Brazil’s emission statistics (ghg inventory).