Anti-Corruption and Integrity
Title: Sector Programme on Anti-Corruption and Integrity
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Overall term: 2016 to 2018
Corruption leads to misallocation of public resources for private purposes. It weakens the public administration, prevents equitable decisions being made for the common good, and reduces the quality of public services. In addition, corruption reinforces inequality and fuels conflicts, as resources are not being used for sustainable and inclusive development. Corruption therefore weakens the legitimacy of a government and democratic institutions and significantly slows down reform processes. This means that it undermines the impact of development cooperation and impedes economic development.
Supporting anti-corruption measures and strengthening good governance are a central element of German development policy, based on the Anti-Corruption and Integrity strategy of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ). The objective is to implement this strategy at international, national, political and sector-specific level in the German development cooperation structures.
The capacities of BMZ and German development cooperation’s implementing organisations are strengthened with respect to anti-corruption and integrity.
This programme assists the BMZ and the implementing organisations in putting the Ministry’s anti-corruption and integrity strategy into practice. In the area of advisory services, the programme analyses BMZ procedures and management tools, and revises and refines them. It develops practical approaches to topics such as integrity in the judiciary, anti-corruption in climate finance, compliance and integrity in public administration, risk management, or corruption in fragile contexts, which are mainstreamed in ongoing or new German development cooperation projects.
This commitment contributes to a more efficient use of sustainable development resources, thereby strengthening government structures and the social contract between the government and citizens. In turn, this can help to reduce inequality and an unjust distribution of resources, thereby preventing civil conflicts and supporting poverty reduction efforts. Requiring that corruption be tackled and prevented, while lending support, is also decisive for ensuring that German tax revenue is used responsibly.
The programme organises trainings for German development cooperation employees. It brings practical experience to the table in international debates: for example, through Germany’s membership of the Utstein Anti-Corruption Resource Centre (U4), cooperation with partners of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), and participation in conferences on the UN Convention Against Corruption (UNCAC). Non-governmental organisations, such as Transparency International are involved as well as the private sector. This way, the project supports the representation of German positions on transparency, accountability and integrity together with international partners and helps shape the political agenda for strong anti-corruption activities worldwide.
Development cooperation that is sensitised to corruption issues helps ensure that disadvantaged groups in partner countries have access to education, health care, water, democratic codetermination and an independent judiciary.
Currently, the focus of the Anti-corruption and Integrity Programme lies in supporting the implementation of the BMZ Anti-Corruption Strategy. By advising the BMZ regarding developing support methods (e.g. “Guidelines for integrating anti-corruption into the planning and implementation of projects and programmes”, How-to-Note), anti-corruption and integrity are now much better implemented in the planning processes of German development cooperation projects. Furthermore, the programme promotes these issues within national and international policy processes. Involving the programme has led to visible results, such as the German government's sustainability strategy reference to anti-corruption and integrity in its target 16. Internationally, four High-Level-Principles concerning anti-corruption were adopted under the German G20 presidency. In addition, Germany has been once again the main partner of Transparency International’s International Anti-Corruption Conference.
The analyses of the connections between corruption and the causes of migration and forced displacement, risks in climate finance and of corruption and gender in the context of migration paved the way for a better understanding of the (negative) consequences of corruption. It also provides important inputs for concepts on strengthening corruption prevention in the partner countries.
The Anti-Corruption and Integrity Programme and the German development cooperation programmes in the various partner countries jointly held workshops that assessed risks of corruption in different sectors. As a result, GIZ-employees’ awareness of issues of corruption was improved. Judicial Integrity Scans were performed in Mongolia and Kyrgyzstan and an indicator for good governance was introduced in Kenya for its water sector.