Moldova 2030: mainstreaming sustainable development in the policy-making process
Title: Support to the Moldovan Government in the Implementation of the 2030 Agenda
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Country: Republic of Moldova
Lead executing agency: State Chancellery of the Republic of Moldova
Overall term: 2019 to 2022
In September 2015, the Republic of Moldova undertook to implement the United Nations (UN) 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development along with 192 other countries. Shortly afterwards, the country set up a National Council for Sustainable Development, which is to coordinate the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). This permanent body supervises the adaptation, integration and implementation of the 2030 Agenda and its goals. It comprises representatives from ministries, the National Bank, the statistics authority, trade unions, employers’ associations and the national association of local authorities.
The Council revised the former development strategy – ‘Moldova 2020’ – in 2018 to more strongly align its objectives with the 2030 Agenda. The working title of this draft is ‘Moldova 2030’ and it prioritises four areas:
1. Sustainable and inclusive economic development
2. Long-term human and social capital
3. Honest and efficient institutions
4. A healthy environment
Moldova 2030 includes ten sustainable development objectives that the country is to achieve by 2030. Unlike in previous years, the focus is no longer on economic development, but on people. As a result, the strategy offers a holistic framework for both the implementation of the 2030 Agenda and the Association Agreement with the European Union. In 2020, Moldova presented its first Voluntary National Review on the Implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals as part of the High-Level Political Forum (HLPF) for the UN Sustainable Development Goals.
Although the government is supporting the implementation of the 2030 Agenda in the country, there is still a lack of specific approaches for the process. This is mainly due to the fact that there are still no appropriate structures for planning and monitoring in accordance with the 2030 Agenda. This means that the prerequisites for fact-based policy are not met and the implementation has so far been tied to the logic of the Millennium Development Goals. There is a risk that the holistic nature of the 2030 Agenda and its principles may not be taken into account.
The structures and skills for successfully implementing the 2030 Agenda in the Republic of Moldova have been strengthened.
To achieve the objective, the project is working on three ‘outputs’ that complement one another:
- Output 1 – Planning: The national and regional levels have appropriate systems in place to implement the Moldova 2030 development strategy.
- Output 2 – Monitoring: Relevant actors are in a better position to use official and alternative evaluation data for their work.
- Output 3 – Implementation: Selected priorities from Moldova 2030 are implemented in an innovative and effective way.
Planning and monitoring influence each other, as effective planning requires data and information which is updated constantly. The Moldovan Government also participates in the planning and implementation of the innovative pilot projects in Output 3, which enables state actors to use the data generated for the national reporting requirement or for scaling.
The project is geared towards aligning the processes in legislation, administration and planning with the principles of the 2030 Agenda for the long term. In this way, the development goals are to be successfully translated into national policy and can then be specifically formulated by the individual ministries. The regions and municipalities will then use this framework for local development. The evaluation and implementation process is performed collaboratively and in line with the principles of ‘leave no one behind’, shared responsibility, accountability, integrated approach and general acceptance.