Green economy

© GIZ/Chatarina Vale

“Green” growth requires new economic structures. GIZ advises its partner countries on the changeover.


Economic growth and a fair distribution of wealth are the prerequisites for poverty reduction and sustainable development. However, if growth and development are bought at too high a cost in terms of consumption and emissions, future generations will suffer the consequences.

Already today, we consume more resources than the earth can regenerate. At the same time, inequality of income and wealth increases in many countries and endangers social cohesion. Sustainable development therefore requires change - towards a low-carbon, resource-efficient and socially inclusive economy.

At the United Nations Summit on Sustainability and Development in Rio+20 in June 2012, "Green Economy" was a key theme. Numerous industrialised, developing and emerging countries have recognised that ecological restructuring of the economy and economic growth are not contradictions. Today, many countries are striving for "green" growth that protects the environment and decouples resource consumption from economic growth.

The need for advice and international cooperation in the field of the "green economy" is great and growing. The focus is on transformation strategies for the entire economy or individual sectors. Advice on legal and economic instruments such as ecological financial reform also plays a major role.

GIZ supports partner countries in creating economic structures based on sustainable production and consumption patterns. These economic systems should combine prosperity, climate and environmental protection and social justice. GIZ advisory services cover the entire spectrum of the green economy: framework conditions, private sector development, employment and vocational training, financing and investment as well as sustainable industrial locations.